This course introduces the Bayesian approach to statistics, starting with the concept of probability and moving to the analysis of data. We will learn about the philosophy of the Bayesian approach as well as how to implement it for common types of data. We will compare the Bayesian approach to the more commonly-taught Frequentist approach, and see some of the benefits of the Bayesian approach. In particular, the Bayesian approach allows for better accounting of uncertainty, results that have more intuitive and interpretable meaning, and more explicit statements of assumptions. This course combines lecture videos, computer demonstrations, readings, exercises, and discussion boards to create an active learning experience. For computing, you have the choice of using Microsoft Excel or the open-source, freely available statistical package R, with equivalent content for both options. The lectures provide some of the basic mathematical development as well as explanations of philosophy and interpretation. Completion of this course will give you an understanding of the concepts of the Bayesian approach, understanding the key differences between Bayesian and Frequentist approaches, and the ability to do basic data analyses.

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# Bayesian Statistics: From Concept to Data Analysis

This course is part of Bayesian Statistics Specialization

Instructor: Herbert Lee

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## What you'll learn

Describe & apply the Bayesian approach to statistics.

Explain the key differences between Bayesian and Frequentist approaches.

Master the basics of the R computing environment.

## Skills you'll gain

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## There are 4 modules in this course

In this module, we review the basics of probability and Bayes’ theorem. In Lesson 1, we introduce the different paradigms or definitions of probability and discuss why probability provides a coherent framework for dealing with uncertainty. In Lesson 2, we review the rules of conditional probability and introduce Bayes’ theorem. Lesson 3 reviews common probability distributions for discrete and continuous random variables.

#### What's included

8 videos4 readings5 assignments1 discussion prompt

This module introduces concepts of statistical inference from both frequentist and Bayesian perspectives. Lesson 4 takes the frequentist view, demonstrating maximum likelihood estimation and confidence intervals for binomial data. Lesson 5 introduces the fundamentals of Bayesian inference. Beginning with a binomial likelihood and prior probabilities for simple hypotheses, you will learn how to use Bayes’ theorem to update the prior with data to obtain posterior probabilities. This framework is extended with the continuous version of Bayes theorem to estimate continuous model parameters, and calculate posterior probabilities and credible intervals.

#### What's included

11 videos5 readings4 assignments1 discussion prompt

In this module, you will learn methods for selecting prior distributions and building models for discrete data. Lesson 6 introduces prior selection and predictive distributions as a means of evaluating priors. Lesson 7 demonstrates Bayesian analysis of Bernoulli data and introduces the computationally convenient concept of conjugate priors. Lesson 8 builds a conjugate model for Poisson data and discusses strategies for selection of prior hyperparameters.

#### What's included

9 videos2 readings4 assignments1 discussion prompt

This module covers conjugate and objective Bayesian analysis for continuous data. Lesson 9 presents the conjugate model for exponentially distributed data. Lesson 10 discusses models for normally distributed data, which play a central role in statistics. In Lesson 11, we return to prior selection and discuss ‘objective’ or ‘non-informative’ priors. Lesson 12 presents Bayesian linear regression with non-informative priors, which yield results comparable to those of classical regression.

#### What's included

9 videos5 readings5 assignments1 discussion prompt

### Instructor

### Offered by

### Recommended if you're interested in Probability and Statistics

University of California, Santa Cruz

Duke University

Databricks

University of California, Santa Cruz

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## Frequently asked questions

You should have exposure to the concepts from a basic statistics class (for example, probability, the Central Limit Theorem, confidence intervals, linear regression) and calculus (integration and differentiation), but it is not expected that you remember how to do all of these items. The course will provide some overview of the statistical concepts, which should be enough to remind you of the necessary details if you've at least seen the concepts previously. On the calculus side, the lectures will include some use of calculus, so it is important that you understand the concept of an integral as finding the area under a curve, or differentiating to find a maximum, but you will not be required to do any integration or differentiation yourself.

Data analysis is done using computer software. This course provides the option of Excel or R. Equivalent content is provided for both options. A very brief introduction to R is provided for people who have never used it before, but this is not meant to be a course on R. Learners using Excel are expected to already have basic familiarity of Excel.

Access to lectures and assignments depends on your type of enrollment. If you take a course in audit mode, you will be able to see most course materials for free. To access graded assignments and to earn a Certificate, you will need to purchase the Certificate experience, during or after your audit. If you don't see the audit option:

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