Exploration of Data Science requires certain background in probability and statistics. This course introduces you to the necessary sections of probability theory and statistics, guiding you from the very basics all way up to the level required for jump starting your ascent in Data Science.

Offered By

## About this Course

### Offered by

#### National Research University Higher School of Economics

National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) is one of the top research universities in Russia. Established in 1992 to promote new research and teaching in economics and related disciplines, it now offers programs at all levels of university education across an extraordinary range of fields of study including business, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy, political science, international relations, law, Asian studies, media and communicamathematics, engineering, and more.

## Start working towards your Master's degree

## Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

**3 hours to complete**

## Conditional probability and Independence

During this week we discuss conditional probability and independence of events. Sometimes we can use this definition to find probabilities. Sometimes we check that this definition fulfills to assure whether events are independent. We discuss important law of total probability, which allows us to find probability of some event when we know its conditional probabilities provided some hypotheses and probabilities of the hypotheses. We also discuss Bayes's rule which allows us to find probability of hypothesis provided that some event occurred. We demonstrate how Python can be used for calculating conditional probabilities and checking independence of events.

**3 hours to complete**

**13 videos**

**7 practice exercises**

**3 hours to complete**

## Random variables

Random variable denotes a value that depends on the result of some random experiment. Some natural examples of random variables come from gambling and lotteries. There are two main classes of random variables that we will consider in this course. This week we'll learn discrete random variables that take finite or countable number of values. Discrete random variables can be described by their distribution. We'll consider various discrete distributions, introduce notions of expected value and variance and learn to generate and visualize discrete random variables with Python.

**3 hours to complete**

**15 videos**

**3 practice exercises**

**3 hours to complete**

## Systems of random variables; properties of expectation and variance, covariance and correlation.

Several random variables associated with the same random experiment constitute a system of random variables. To describe system of discrete random variables one can use joint distribution, which takes into account all possible combinations of values that random variables may take. We'll find some joint distributions, research their properties and introduce independence of random variables. Then we'll discuss properties of expected value and variance with respect to arithmetic operations and introduce measures of independence between random variables.

**3 hours to complete**

**16 videos**

**7 practice exercises**

**3 hours to complete**

## Continuous random variables

This week we'll study continuous random variables that constitute important data type in statistics and data analysis. For continuous random variables we'll define probability density function (PDF) and cumulative distribution function (CDF), see how they are linked and how sampling from random variable may be used to approximate its PDF. We'll introduce expected value, variance, covariance and correlation for continuous random variables and discuss their properties. Finally, we'll use Python to generate independent and correlated continuous random variables.

**3 hours to complete**

**16 videos**

**8 practice exercises**

## Reviews

### TOP REVIEWS FROM PROBABILITY THEORY, STATISTICS AND EXPLORATORY DATA ANALYSIS

Ilya Schurov explains concepts very well, and this course is a great start to begin the journey into data science. Also, the inclusion of some programming is appreciated!

Excellent course. To the point with no fluff. The professor explained everything in just the right amount of detail and the inclusion of python is great too.

One of the best courses for Probability and statistics, the course structure and syllabus was really very organized. I enjoyed completing this course.

A really good introduction to Probability Theory with detailed explanation. Easy to understand, easy to follow; get my full recommendation!

## About the Mathematics for Data Science Specialization

Behind numerous standard models and constructions in Data Science there is mathematics that makes things work. It is important to understand it to be successful in Data Science. In this specialisation we will cover wide range of mathematical tools and see how they arise in Data Science. We will cover such crucial fields as Discrete Mathematics, Calculus, Linear Algebra and Probability. To make your experience more practical we accompany mathematics with examples and problems arising in Data Science and show how to solve them in Python.

## Frequently Asked Questions

When will I have access to the lectures and assignments?

Access to lectures and assignments depends on your type of enrollment. If you take a course in audit mode, you will be able to see most course materials for free. To access graded assignments and to earn a Certificate, you will need to purchase the Certificate experience, during or after your audit. If you don't see the audit option:

- The course may not offer an audit option. You can try a Free Trial instead, or apply for Financial Aid.
- The course may offer 'Full Course, No Certificate' instead. This option lets you see all course materials, submit required assessments, and get a final grade. This also means that you will not be able to purchase a Certificate experience.

What will I get if I subscribe to this Specialization?

When you enroll in the course, you get access to all of the courses in the Specialization, and you earn a certificate when you complete the work. Your electronic Certificate will be added to your Accomplishments page - from there, you can print your Certificate or add it to your LinkedIn profile. If you only want to read and view the course content, you can audit the course for free.

Is financial aid available?

Yes, Coursera provides financial aid to learners who cannot afford the fee. Apply for it by clicking on the Financial Aid link beneath the "Enroll" button on the left. You'll be prompted to complete an application and will be notified if you are approved. You'll need to complete this step for each course in the Specialization, including the Capstone Project. Learn more.

Will I earn university credit for completing the Course?

This Course doesn't carry university credit, but some universities may choose to accept Course Certificates for credit. Check with your institution to learn more. Online Degrees and Mastertrack™ Certificates on Coursera provide the opportunity to earn university credit.

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