When it comes to securing your business on AWS, it's important to ask the question, who is ultimately responsible for the security? Is it a, you the customer or b, AWS? The correct answer is yes, both. Both are ultimately responsible for making sure that you are secure. Now, if there's any security expert watching this right now, you're probably shaking your head saying you can't have two different entities with the ultimate responsibility over a single object. That's not security, that's wishful thinking. At AWS, we agree completely. But for us, we don't look at your environment as a single object. Instead, we see it as a collection of parts that build on each other. AWS is responsible for the security of some of the objects, responsible 100 percent for those. The others, you are responsible 100 percent for their security. This is what's known as the shared responsibility model. It's no different than securing a house. The builder constructed the house with four walls and a door. It's their responsibility to make sure the walls are strong and the doors are solid. It's your responsibility, the homeowner, to close and lock the doors. It really is that simple on AWS as well. Take EC2, for instance. EC2 lives in a physical building, a data center that must be secured. It has a network and a hypervisor that supports your instances and their individual operating systems. On top of that operating system, you have your application and that supports your data. For EC2 and every service AWS offers, there's a similar stack of parts that build on top of each other. AWS is 100 percent responsible for some, you are responsible for the others. Starting with the physical layer. This is iron, and concrete, and fences, and security guards. Someone has to own the concrete. Someone has to staff the physical perimeter 24/7. This is AWS. On top of the physical layer, we have our network and our hypervisor. Now I'm not going to go into details on how this is all secured but basically, we have reinvented those technologies to make them faster, stronger, tamper-proof. But you don't have to just take our word for it. We have numerous third-party auditors who have gone through the code, and the way we build our infrastructure and can provide the right documentation you need for your security compliance structures. Now on top of all that, on EC2, you now get to pick what operating system you want to run. This is the magic dividing line that separates our responsibility; AWS responsibility and your responsibility. This is your operating system. You're 100 percent in charge of this. AWS does not have any backdoor into your system here. You and you alone have the only encryption key to log onto the root of this OS or to create any user accounts there. No more than a construction company would keep copies of your front door key. AWS cannot enter your operating system. Here's a hint, if someone from AWS calls and asks you for your OS key, it is not AWS. Now that means your operations team is 100 percent responsible for keeping the operating system patched. If AWS discovers there are some new vulnerabilities in your version of Windows let's say, we can certainly notify your account owner, but we cannot deploy a patch. This is a really good thing for your security. This means no one can deploy anything that might break your system without your team being the ones that do it. Now, on top of that OS, you can run whatever applications you want. You own them, you maintain them. Which takes us the most important part of the stack, your data. This is always your domain to control. Sometimes you might want to have your data open for everyone to see, like pictures on a retail website. Other times like banking or healthcare, yeah, not so much. AWS provides everyone with the toolset they need for their data to open it up to some authorized individuals, to everyone, to just a single person under specific conditions, or even lock it down so no one can access it, plus the ability to have ubiquitous encryption. That way, even if you accidentally left your front door open, all anyone would see is unreadable encrypted content. The AWS, shared responsibility model is about making sure both sides understand exactly what tasks are ours. Basically, AWS is responsible for the security of the Cloud, and you are responsible for the security in the Cloud. Together, you have an environment you can trust.