[MUSIC. Hello everyone, welcome to big data and language. We've learned parts of speech so far such as nouns, verbs, prepositions, right? So now let's learn about more parts of speech. Are you ready? Let's get started. So this time let's talk about adjectives, adjectives modify a noun or pronoun. So let me give you an example, the examples are good, bad, small, big, tall short, right? So you can say that Professor Park is good, okay? Professor Park is a good professor, right? So good modifies Professor, noun. Noun Professor, right? Or you can say that Professor Park is tall, right? So in the case also that showing the noun and the tall Professor Park is a good professor, right? So then tall modifies Professor, right? And also another good professor, good modify another professor, right? So you can have the adjectives to modify noun or noun phrase. Okay, and what about adverbs? Adverbs modify verb, adverb or adjective. So for example here, right? Please submit your paper here, right? Yes, so then that here modifies verb, right? Where, and also please submit your paper quickly, right? And quickly also modifies a verb, okay, submit and please work hard, right? Let's work hard. So then hard that adverb modifies the verb work, and the test exam was relatively easy, right? In that case relatively modifies easy, adjective, right? So adverbs modify sometimes a verb or adverb or adjective or the whole sentence, okay? So let's look at one by one, an adverb adds to a verb. So that means the adverb as to the meaning of verb by telling what, when, where, why and how. So for example, I already mentioned that please submit your paper quickly, right? Then quickly modifies the verb, right? And so the adverb modifies a verb. That one is the one type of the adverb, the function of the adverb. And what about an adverb as to an adjective, an adverb or a sentence? So only adverb can modify an adjective. For example, very good, right? The lecture was very good, right? That means very good. Very modify the adjective good, right? Or another adverb. For example, very loudly, right? The music was very loudly performed, for example. Then very, adverb, and loudly as also another adverb. So very adverb modifies another adverb loudly, okay? And so adverbial conjunctive connect independent clauses in a compound sentence. For example, consequently, hence, however, moreover, nevertheless, otherwise, therefore. These are all the transitional words and also the adverbs. These adverbs the function of these adverb is connecting sentences. So we use usually at the beginning of the sentence. I was hungry. Therefore I ate noodles, okay? For example, if that, therefore, that one, actually, connects the previous sentence, I was hungry, right? And also I ate noodles. So that therefore is the function to connect two different sentences. Okay, so let's talk about adjectives and adverbs in basic sentences. Subject and objects of verbs and objects of prepositions are often nouns, and so they can be described by adjectives. And also verbs can be described by adverbs. Let me give you an example. The first sentence is hard adventure travel usually present physical challenges for active people, okay? So in this case the heart modifies adventure trouble, okay? And also the verb is presents, okay? And the physical, this one is adjective, adjective modifies the noun challenges, okay? And for active people, for, this one is a preposition, so for active people, this is the preposition phrase, okay? And so the heart modify adventure travel, and usually this one is an adverb. So adverb modifies the verb presents and physical, this one is adjective. So this one modifies the noun challenges and active. This one is another adjective modify the noun people, okay? So in this sentence, we have three adjectives and also one adverb as well, okay? And now let's take a look another sentence. Soft adventure travelers, enjoy incredible experiences, but live comfortably, okay? So in this case, what is the verb? Let's find the subject first. The subject is self adventure travelers, okay? And the verb is enjoy, and another we have two verbs in the sentence, live as well, okay? And what are the adjectives that we can find? The first one is soft, okay? The soft adjective modifies what, adventure travelers, okay? And also another, the second adjectives is incredible. Incredible, this adjective modifies the noun experiences. And also there is another adverb, one adverb, which one is comfortably, right? So this adverb comfortably modify the verb live, okay? So from these sentences, these two sentences, we've learned that adjective modifies nouns and adverb modifies the verbs, okay? And so now let me give you another task. Let's identify the adjectives and adverbs. So please underline the subject and double underline the verbs. And then circle the object objects of verbs and put parentheses around the prepositional phrases. So the example is adventure travelers constantly look for unusual destinations for their vacations, okay? So in this case, let's underline the subject first. The subject is adventure travelers, good. And what is a verb? You need to double underline verb. The verb is look for, okay? And adjective, what are the adjectives? Unusual, right? Unusual modifies the destinations. And also what is an adverb? Adverb is constantly, okay? So constantly modifies look for, a verb, okay? And prepositional phrases starting the preposition. So for, right? For their vacations, this is a prepositional phrase. So you need to make parenthesis, okay? Put parentheses around the prepositional phrases. Okay, so now you have little bit much clearer ideas about the concepts of adjectives and adverbs. Let me give you one last activity to choosing between adjectives and adverbs. So if you have the correct answer of this task, then that means that you understand adjectives and adverbs, the functions and characteristics in a sentence or sentences, okay? So read the paragraph then circle the correct word forms. Savvy travelers, let me give you about like three minutes or so. So please stop the video here and please find the correct answer, okay? Once you find all the correct answers, then I will share my answers with you. So are you ready? Let's get started. Okay, so did you stop the video and find all the answers? Let's check the answers together. Which one is correct, creative or creatively, okay? Because the noun travelers, right? After we have travelers now, so the right answer will be creative adjective, right? So creative travelers know many what? Economical ways to take vacations, okay? So many, something, ways, right? So ways modified now, so we need economical, okay? To take vacations. For example, they, something, look for low cost airfares. So we need something which modifies the verb look for. So adverb, right? Specifically look for. So instead of specific specifically is correct. And they fly how? Fly means a verb here. So fly how cheaply, right? By shopping online and comparing prices. In addition they look, look is a verb, so how? Closely. That costs such as taxes, charges for checked luggage and airport fees before the, something, purchase, right? So purchase is the noun, which can modify the noun, good adjective, right? So final, not finally, okay? Final purchase of their tickets. Experience the budget travelers also make what kind of decision? Decision is a noun. So we need to find adjectives modifying a noun, okay? So intelligent decisions about where to stay, okay? And they consider all the, what kind of choices? Choices is a noun, so possible choices including everything from discount prices on rooms in beautiful four-star hotels to compare for camping, okay? To camping in short, the travelers.What kind of travelers? Wise travelers reduce the cost of their trips, and how? Significantly, right? So this one modifies the reduce, the cost, right? So modifies the whole sentence with several, what strategies is a noun. So whole several basic strategies, okay? So if you found all the correct answers, then now you have clear concepts of how we can use or how can we find, analyze adjectives and adverbs, okay? So if you are not sure about that, this one is that extra task, which is editing a paragraph for word form errors. So find six more errors in the use of adjectives and adverbs and make a correction, okay? Again, if you want to solve this task, please stop the video and solve your this test by yourself. And once you're ready, then let's restart the video. Right, so let's check the answers together. There are several, six errors, so let's look at one by one. The first one adventurous, no drink adventurously, right? So we need to make adjective this adjective is not correct. So we need to change as the adverb. And in there not globally travels, global travels, okay? And also the other one is eat huge unusual food because unusual modify food, right? So unusual food and another typical activity, because activity is a noun, right? So typical activity and they shop for special ingredients, okay? Special ingredients is a noun, so special ingredients. And the next one is they carefully put all their new recipes, okay? Because put verb modifying the verb, so carefully we need that adverb, okay? And also so that they can quickly use them, right? So use is a verb, right? So quickly, ly, we need to make an adverb, okay? Right, so how was the defining adverbs and adjectives? I hope because I gave several tests, so through this test completing these tests you understand the adjectives and adverbs well, okay? Thank you for your attention and next time I will introduce another part of speech.