In this video we’ll look at some more advanced charts in Excel. We’ll first create a filled map chart, and then add sparklines to our data, and lastly, we’ll briefly discuss some of the other charts available in Excel. Let’s start with filled map charts. A filled map chart is a type of chart used to compare values and show categories across geographical regions. This chart is suitable for data which contains geographical regions like countries, states, or postal codes. In the MapChart worksheet of the car sales workbook, let’s first copy data from the pivot table containing country of sale and sum of unit sales. Then paste the copied data beside the table. Now let’s create a filled map chart with this data. After selecting the data, we select Filled Map chart from the Map category of the Charts group. The new floating chart area contains our filled map chart, which displays the sum of unit sales of cars across different countries of sale. Let’s change the chart title to “Sum of Unit Sales of Cars by Country”, which we can do by simply double-clicking the chart title textbox and editing the text. Let’s change the chart style to customize the look of the filled map chart. There are numerous styles to choose from in the gallery to suit your preference. We can see from this filled map visualization that the darker blue color, which denotes the larger number of unit sales, is covering the United States, while the paler blue colors, which denote medium numbers of unit sales, are covering areas such as Canada, Western Europe, and Scandinavia. And the almost-white color, which denotes the lowest number of unit sales, is predominantly covering Eastern Europe, India, Japan, and Australia. Next, let’s have a look at sparklines. Sparklines are mini charts placed inside single cells to represent a selected range of data. They are typically used to show data trends, such as seasonal increase-decrease, economic cycles, and share, rate, or price fluctuations. They can also be used to highlight max-min values. A sparkline provides the greatest impact when it is placed close to the data it represents. To create our sparklines, let’s first select data from the 4 adjacent columns, “Unit Sales Q1”, “Unit Sales Q2”, “Unit Sales Q3” and “Unit Sales Q4” in the Sparklines worksheet of the car sales workbook. Now let’s create sparklines with this data. We’ll select the ‘line’ type of sparkline from the Sparklines group. We then need to specify where we would like our sparkline to appear on the worksheet. We can do this by either typing in the cell reference in the Location Range box, or better still just click the cell in the worksheet where you want it to appear and Excel will fill it in for you. Note that it uses an absolute reference by adding dollar symbols to the cell references. And then we can copy that sparkline down the rest of the column. We now see a column containing our sparklines, which displays the trend of the unit sales of Ford cars over the four quarters of a year. Let’s name the column header of the column with the sparklines in as ‘Quarter Sales Trends’. Let’s adjust the column width, and let’s also adjust the row height to display the sparklines more clearly. Let’s also display maximum and minimum values on the sparklines. Let’s change the chart style to customize the look of the sparklines. There are several styles in the gallery for you to choose from. And finally, let’s adjust the weight of the lines in the sparklines to make them stand out a bit. These Sparklines show us that Ford Escort unit sales started low in the first quarter and then increased in quarters 2 and 3 and then declined again in quarter 4. We can also determine that generally across the majority of the range of Ford car models, quarter 3 is the best quarter for unit sales over the year, with a couple of exceptions such as Mustangs in quarter 4 and Focus models in quarter 2. Lastly, let’s have a look at some other available charts in Excel. The Waterfall chart type is used to show cumulative effect of a series of positive and negative values. This is suitable for data which represents inflows and outflows like financial data. The Funnel chart type is used to show progressively smaller stages in a process. This is suitable for data which shows progressively decreasing proportions. The Stock chart type is used to show the trend of stock’s performance over time. This is best suited to data with a series with multiple stock price values like volume, open, high, low, and close. The Surface chart type is used to show trends in values across two dimensions in 3-D surface areas or 2-D contoured charts. This is most suitable when categories and data series are both numeric. And lastly, the Radar chart type is used to show values relative to a center point, and is most suitable when categories are not directly comparable. In this video, we learned how to create filled map charts and sparklines in Excel and we looked at some of the other charts available.