[MUSIC] Hi guys, welcome again. We are talking today about a very important thing, how to classify emotions. We are talking about the taxonomy of emotions. So, the truth is that when we look at the emotional universe, we can see that there are a lot of different kinds of emotions. So, we can state that and to affirm that there are several emotional events. We need to classify them because we need to understand things and, and we need to put order into the world. But all the attempts are, are really difficult. Just as a initial classification, we can say that there are particular emotions we talk about them in the previous session. And, there are also basic and primary, secondary and tertiary emotions. So, we'll try to understand all these levels. Basic emotions. Is there any agreement among experts on emotional status about which are the basic emotions? The answer is, no. [LAUGH] No idea. There is no agreement. It's incredible. It's funny, it's terrible, it's, I don't know. You can't imagine the perfect word to describe the situation. But the truth is that you can see here a list of, of several theories thinking on which are the basic emotions. And the truth is that each author says that the basic emotions are different list than the, the other are, though. These only, when we try to, to describe the basic emotions, not all the existence of emotion, existent emotions, but only the basic ones. So, if we have not a universal agreement on these, at this levels, how can we try to think that can be solved at an, an upper level? Then, it doesn't happen. We can see, for example, when we try to, to, to describe secondary or tertiary emotions. If we are not sure about the general agreement on, on the primary or basic ones, then it's very difficult to, to have an agreement on the secondary and tertiary. And you can see in this, in this table that, that it's very difficult to, to establish really objective ways, objective ways of understanding. About how we can infer that one emotion hits, it's a sub-section of another motion or it's a, a variation of another motion emotion that is more important. Then why does this happen? It's because of several aspects because there are several authors using very different methodological perspectives. They are related to personal understanding and at the same time and finally, when taking into account a very different cultural and linguistic perspective into the study of, of emotions. And that, and the nature of emotions and the, and the the whereof, in which emotions happen. So, and anyhow, we need to classify in order to understand them, and I, I suggest as a possible solution trying to combine results from evolutionary and bodily analysis. Trying to understand how the body reacts more basically and some of these attempts that you have seen in previous slides. I have tried at least this, but they, e, even in that case, they, they not agree. For example, trying to understand if, if special muscles describe a special emotions and, and special muscle combinations. And explain a really, very different emotion emotions. We can also combine these with the very rich resources provided by anthropological studies. And finally, that is a very important, a way of, of trying to obtain a new knowledge on these topics, and the evolution of emotions. Trying to make computer simulations on, on social evolution on so, social interaction, trying to, to introduce emotional values into these emotions. For example, I, I've been working on this area for some years. For, this is one of the examples of my research I call of the game of emotions following, I was inspired by the great Game of Life of Conway in the 1970s. And what we try is to make a computer simulation in which very basic unit had all of these different negative balances that which we called the genome. We consider that genetic triplet and also an ambiental triplet. And these triplets we're creating ways of deciding with positive or negative values, answers to the, the situations in which that entity was living in. So, we can at least conclude that emotions run at different levels of complexity and performance. There is not agree, not agreement among experts on emotional classifications and, we have an, an evolutionary and cultural, and computational way of obtaining results. If we wan, want to understand how emotions emerge and how they are modulated inside the, the individuals as well as between individuals. It's very important what happens inside a guy in which several transitions, emotional transitions are performed. And at the same time, how, several individuals sharing a social space, space are, are created emotional dynamics. So, thank you so much. I hope you have enjoyed this session and I hope to see you all. Or halo, er, whatever we are doing in this moment. Thanks so much.