[MUSIC] Hi today, we will look at how Damasio's ideas were really useful trying to make out critics to the classic western tradition on the role of emotions into cognitive processes. So, if we try to understand what was for, people who were living in the, in the 90s. Hope that much of you are that, that the publication of, of that book of that neurologist called Antonio Damasio. He wrote a book called Descartes Error in which he tried to show that the classic view of Descartes on what was that rational nature of human beings was nothing really splitted from emotion, emotional forces. So that class, classic difference between the rest cognitans, the mind and the res extensa, the body, was nothing real. Because for normal guys and for all people, there is a, a deep interaction between brain and, and body and [INAUDIBLE] between brain and body. But inside the brain, there is no difference between cognitive processes for rational purposes and emotional processes for any kind of activity inside the brain. So when we look at, at the, the the role of emotion and we are still following another book of, of Antonio Damasio published in 19 99 called the feeling of what happens. We can see that emotions are at several layers of human activity from basic life regulation, creating, for example, stereotyped type of response. Our metabolic regulation reflects this biological machinery from these to more complex patterns of response called emotions or even, even at the moment in which those emotions can be understood as emotions that create feelings and how across this process emerge something very important that is called consciousness, something that we experience each day and, and something that make us to seem that we are special and different to other beings and we are feeling that we are living in this moment. Make possible the emergent of, of a more complex way to, to deal with information that make possible to create new strategies to process information and to, to share this information culturally that make possible high cultural tools to process information. So, emotions are existent and have a very big role into all these areas on, in all these layers of, of understanding of human processing into daily activity. So, are we entering into a new emoparadigm? Well, the truth is that there are several emotional studies today from several disciplines. Actually, we are we are now facing a new problem emotsunami of data on emotions and we need to gather all this information and try to part into our main model that could make possible that understanding of this information. For example, from a anthropology studies and sociology and psychology, philosophy, neurology if it's computing. There's a lot of ways of approaching to the emotion of events, even self help books talk about the role of emotions into the daily lives. And even at, at working domain or that working areas, just as example. For example, I created the first international journal on synthetic emotions in 2010. Or I, for example, have written or edited several books on, on how machines could implement artificial emotion into their architectures just to make easier interaction between humans and machines or even for those machines to be smarter or to be able to create more complex patterns. So, in this historical moment, his emotional status will have reached a new status and, and, and bigger and have received a bigger interest than in any other moment of, of the history of researchers. At the same time there are a lot of new publications, journals, books, studies and research institutes that are making new research on, on these topics and it's really exciting and we are really, at the beginning of, of a, a golden e, era on, on this analysis of emotions. And at the same time, we need to take into account that the, the studies of emotions not just include human are another classic biological systems emerge by evolution. But also artificial systems that we, we try to understand into the next section of these course. Well, thank you so much. I hope to see you into the next session.