I'd like to show you how to add the basic map elements to your page layout. Here, we have a pretty basic starting point. This is essentially the default when you open ArcMap and you haven't done anything else yet. You'll be presented with this blank layout. By the way, if you have to, you may have be in data view and you won't be able to see the actual page layout. For the purposes of this demonstration, we're going to switch to the layout view, so you can actually see the map elements and the sheet of paper. Remember, with ArcMap, the whole premise of the way it's set up is that you're creating a page for printing. Whether you actually print it or not or you export it as an image, that's up to you, but it's using that idea of, if you want, a metaphor of the actual page. So, the first thing I'm going to do is change the page properties to landscape. I just happened to know for the map that I want to make that I wanted to be a landscape orientation, and landscape here. By the way, it's useful to have the printer set up as Adobe PDF, if you have that option. If you set it up to your local printer, whatever it happens to be, then the options that you'll have available for page setup will be restricted to that printer. So, if it's a black and white printer, if it only prints eight and a half by 11, something like that, but if you make it an Adobe PDF, then you have a lot more flexibility in terms of how you may customize the map. It's not essential, but it's a nice thing to be able to set it up that way if you can. So, I got it as landscape. I've set it as landscape there as well. I'm just going to say okay, and now you can see that it's set up my page to landscape, but my data frame is not what I would want it to be. So, I can move this around. I can drag it and say, "Well, maybe I want it to be about there," and I can use this page layout toolbar to move this up a little bit if I need to. Slip back to that, go like that, and so if I want to see the whole thing. So, now, I have my data frame inside my landscape orientation from my page. Now, I want my data frame to be a little bit smaller. So, I have room for my title and other things. So, if I right-click on my data frame, I can select the properties for that and go to the size and position tab. So, I'm going to set the XY position to be one inch, and what that's referring to is this anchor point down here. So, you'll notice that this is highlighted. So, what that means is if you have a page like this, the anchor point is the lower left corner, and so when I select one inch by one inch, that's going to move in my data frame one inch on the X and one inch on the Y. So, that will be anchored there and my data frame will be put there. So, that's a useful thing to be able to know. I'm also going to change the size in terms of the width and the height. So, I'm going to change that to nine and this to 6.5 and say okay, and so that's made a little bit smaller. It's centered. I would recommend that you use the x and y and the size properties to set the size of your data frame instead of just trying to eyeball it. Inevitably it'll be off a little bit or won't be quite centered, and people notice these things. You'd be surprised. Next, I'm going to insert what ArcGIS refers to as a neatline. In this case, it's actually going to be a frame line because I'm going to put it around everything else in my map. I'm just going to tell it to put it inside the map margins. I got a gap of 10 points for now. This is just to start with, and so there's my frame line has been added around my map. I'm not actually crazy about how close to the edge of the page it is because some printers can't print that close. So, if I right-click on it and select properties, then I can do the same thing for this that I did for the data frame. So, I can set this to be, let's say a quarter of an inch away from the edge of the page, and I'm going to make the width 10.5 and the height eight inches. There. That looks better. So, now, I have a frame line. Next, I'm going to add the data that I want to use for my map. So, the only ones I'm really going to use here are census tracts for Ontario and Lake Ontario and the census tracts for Toronto, which I have in a separate feature class. So, you'll notice that I added the census tracts for all of Ontario first, so the map automatically zoomed out to show all of that. What I'm most interested in is the last one here. So, if I just click on that, if I hold down the alt key and click on it, it will zoom in to that layer. I could also have right-clicked and said zoom to layer, either way, where it does the same thing. So, now, I've got the the data that I'm going to use for my mapped area, and I'm going to insert a title for my map. I'm going to call this Toronto population density and say okay. I can move up a little bit, if I right-click on it, I can change the properties if I want. I can change the symbol, which is a way of changing the size of it, for example. So, instead of 16, maybe I'll make it 14. I could change the typeface if I want, but I'll leave it for as Arial for now. Say okay, and then if I right-click on this again, I can say align to margins. So, that will now align according to the actual page itself, and so if I say align center, it will centered on that page. Now, I have a title. I can insert a subtitle, which is just inserting a text box in this case. I'm going to just call this my subtitle by census tracts 2016. Put that up there. I'm going to change the properties of that and we could slightly bigger. I'd like it to be slightly smaller than the titles, so I'm going to say 12 point since my title was 14 point, and then I will align that as well. There. Now, I have a title and a subtitle. And next, I'll insert a legend, and a dialog box comes up asking which map layers or feature classes you'd like to include in the legend. For now, I'm going to include all of them and say next. You'll notice that, by default, the title for my legend is just called legend. That's not that informative and it's not really necessary to have that for a simple thematic map like this, so I'm going to make it something a little more useful, like people per square kilometer because that's what I'm going to be showing on my map. I use the American spelling just for kicks, and say okay. Now, for my legend frame, I'm actually going to go for, let's say a 0.5. The background is going to be white because I'm going to have it on top of Lake Ontario, and I'm just going to click Next. I'll go with the defaults for these and for that, and so that's generated a simple legend that I can use for my map. I'm going to change the look of this a little bit later, but for now, I'm just trying to add all the map elements in. Now, I'm going to add a scale bar. There's lots of different types of scale bars available. I'm just going to go for something simple like this, and click okay. So, here it is on my map, and I can change the size if I want, maybe make it a little bit smaller. Some round numbers. It's in miles. I'm going to change that to metric units later, but for now, I just want to get an idea of where I want to put it. Now, I'll insert a north arrow, so people know which way north is, say okay, and that's my map as well. Move that over, and so what I'm trying to do now, really is just show you how to insert these things, and really I think of it as just sort of sketching out the general idea of where I want things to be. This isn't the final place I'm going to put it. I may do some customization to it, but I just wanted to get the general sense of, okay, this is what I want my map to look at. I think if you do it this way, it's more efficient and then you can hone in on some of the things you want to refine more later. Now, I'm going to add a text box for authorship to say who made this beautiful map. So, I'll just say map produced, whoops, I better spell that correctly, and I'll put that down here. You'll notice that it's outside of the frame line, sorry, outside the neatline for the data frame, but inside the frame line. Then, I'm actually just going to copy that and paste it. So, I can use the same style of text, and if I double-click on that, I can say, "Data source: Statistics Canada 2016 census." Say okay. Now, I could change the size of those as well. If I want it, I can align these two text boxes. So, to do that, I have to tell it not to align to the margins because I want to align this relative to each other and say, "Align to the right," and then I can move both of them, like so. Lastly, I'm going to insert a text box for labeling Lake Ontario. There's various ways to do this, but for now I'm just going to use a text box to do it. Say Lake Ontario and select it and move it down to there. Okay. So, that's it. Now, I have all of the basic map elements that I need of my map. So, I've got a frame line, I've got a title, subtitle, I've got the geographic area that I'm mapping, I've got my legend, I've got my orientation, and I've got my scale bar, my authorship and the datasource. So, those are usually the things that you would include in most maps. It may vary depending on the scale of the map as to which things you may or may not need of the projection, but for now, this is a pretty good guideline to go by when you're making a map for, say the size of a city, is to include all of these map elements. I hope that was fairly straightforward and that you can now apply these to your own maps.