二. II. 副词在句中的位置和共现顺序 （一）副词的位置。 Position of an adverb in a sentence and their orders when used together (I) position of an adverb 1. 1. 副词一般是 位于谓语动词前，例如，我们来看一下 ①我已经学了三课了，他们只学了一课。 Adverbs are generally placed before predicate verbs. For example, let us have a look. ①I have already learned three lessons while they have only one. 这个"已经"这个副词，他们，他在什么呢 动词"学"的前边，"只"也是一个副词，它也在动词 "学"的前面。 The word “yi jing(already)” is an adverb. Where is the word “they”?
Before the verb “xue(learn)” and the adverb “only” is placed before the verb “xue(learn)”. 第二例，你赶快回去吧，"赶快"是个副词 那么在动词"回去"的前面。 Example two, go back quickly. “gankuai(quickly)” is an adverb, before the verb “hui qu(go back)”. 你妈妈到处找你 到处也是一个副词，那么在动词短语"找你"的前面 Your mother is looking for you everywhere. “Dao chu(everywhere)” is an adverb, before the verb phrase “zhao ni(looking for you)”. 这个副词在谓语动词前，是最常见的一个位置 2. The adverb is placed before the predicate verb, a commonly seen position. 2. 有些语气副词位于主语前、 后呢都可以 我们来看一下例子。 Some modal adverbs can be placed before or after subjects. Let me show you some examples. 第一个，他结没 结婚，的确我不知道。 The first one, indeed I don’t know whether he has got married. 这个"的确"是个语气副词，我们看在 主语我的前面，也就是说"的确"放在主语的 The word “di que(indeed)” is a modal adverb which is placed “I”. That is to say, it is placed before the subject. 前面了，下面一个例子，他结没结婚，我的确 不知道。 Next example, I indeed don’t know whether he has got married. 那么这个"的确"又跑到主语呢我的后面来了，也就在 The word “di que(indeed)” now is after the subject “I”, right 谓语动词的前面，也就是说在谓语动词前面或者是主语的前面呢 都可以。 before the predicate verb. That is to say, it is okay to be put whether before predicate verb or subject. 第二例，天气预报说今天有雨，果然 今天有雨。 Example two, the weather report says that it is raining today. Sure enough, it rains today. 那么果然就是一个语气副词，所以放在主语今天的前面了 下面一个例子，天气预报说今天有雨，今天果然有雨。 “Guo ran(sure enough)” is a modal adverb, so it is placed before the subject.
The next example, the weather report says that it is raining today. It sure enough rains today. 而"果然"又跑到"今天"的后面来了，也就放在 谓语动词"有雨"的前面了，两者情况都是可以的 The word “guo ran(sure enough)” is after the word “today”, right
before the verb “rained”. Both situations are ok. 都是没有问题的。 Both is ok. 3.主语 为疑问代词的时候，语气副词一般在主语前 3. When the subject is interrogative pronouns, modal adverb is generally placed before subject. 我们看一下例子，第一例：到底谁没交钱？这个到底是是一个什么呢？ Let us have a look at some examples. The first one, on earth who didn’t pay. What’s the role of “dao di(on earth)”. 是一个语气副词，表示语气的，那么它在 主语是谁？是一个疑问代词，那么到底呢放在谁的前边 It is a modal adverb indicating modal. So which is the subject in this sentence?
It is an interrogative pronoun. So, “dao di(on earth)” is placed before “shui(who)”.. 第二例，其实谁都知道这是怎么回事，那么这个谁也是一个疑问代词，所以呢其实呢 Example two, actually, everybody knows what’s going on. The word “shui(everybody)” is an interrogative pronoun. So the word “actually” 也放在谁的前面。 is placed before “shui(everybody)”. 4. 4. "凡"，"凡是" 只能在主语前，这两个副词呢是一个特例 Words like “fan(every)” “fan shi(all)” can only be placed before the subject. These two adverbs are the exception. 也就是说，我们来看一下例子啊。 Let us have a look at some examples . 凡去过这个地方的这个"凡" 放在"去过这个地方的"，这是主语 所以呢放在主语的前面。 The word “fan(every)” in the phrase ”every place we have been” is placed before “place we have been” which is a subject. Therefore, the word “fan(every)” is placed before the subject. 凡是大学生 大学生是主语，那么"凡"是呢放在 All college students. “College students” is the subject. The word “fan shi(all)” is placed 主语"大学生"的前面，也就是说他们是，位置是固定的 只能放在这个主语的前面 5. before the subject, “college students. That is to say, their positions are fixed. They can only be placed before the subject. 5. 口语中，副词也可以出现在句末，所谓句末，就是句子的最后面 In oral Chinese, adverbs sometimes appear at the end of the sentence. 但是在副词前面要用什么呢？逗号隔开，也就是注意，应该有个逗号 However, what should be placed before the adverb? Separate it with commas. That is to say, there should be a comma 把它和前面的东西呢分开 我们来看一下两个例子。 separating it with what is before. Let us see two examples. 第一例，他们去了三天了 大概。 The first example, they have been away for three days, probably. "大概"是一个副词，那么 他，本来应该是他们大概去了三天了，那么大概跑到这个地方了，句尾了 “Da gai(probably)” is an adverb.
It should have been “they probably have been away for three days”. The word “da gai(probably)” changed its position, the end of the sentence. 所以呢前面用个逗号隔开，第二个，你别走了，外边下雨呢，正在！"正在"也是一个副词 So, a comma is used to separate it. Second, don’t go. It’s raining outside, now! “Xian zai(now)” is an adverb. 那么它的位置也在句子的最后面，那么前面呢也有一个逗号跟它隔开了 It is placed at the end of the sentence and there is a comma before it to separate it. （二）副词的共现顺序 (II) Orders of several adverbs when used together 那么有多个副词一起出现的时候，那么就有一个副词的先后的问题 Where there are many adverbs, which one should be the first and which the next? 那么汉语的副词，它们一起出现的时候，它们的位置是什么样的呢 那么大概的位置是这样一个情况 As for adverbs in Chinese, when they appear together, how should they be placed?
General position can be stated as follows. 第一，也就是说句子最前面出现的是什么呢？语气副词，然后是 关联副词，然后是时间副词，然后是范围副词 First, what appears the first? Modal adverbs, and then
correlative adverbs, adverbs of time, adverbs of scope 之后呢是程度副词，然后是否定，然后重复，方式副词 Next, adverbs of degree, negation, and repetition, adverbs of manner 最后是动词短语或者是形容词短语，也就是说紧挨着这个动词的 And verb phrases or adjective phrases finally. That is to say, next to the verb or 00:04:26,600 --> 00:04:35,060
adjective phrases is mainly adverbs of manner. Let us have a look at some specific examples to make it clear. 我们看第一例，雨似乎渐渐地小了。 Let us turn to the first example, rain seems to get lighter gradually. "似乎"是一个 副词，"渐渐地"也是一个副词，这两个副词，"似乎"是什么呢？是语气副词，也就是说 “Si hu(seem)” is an
adverb. “Jian jian de(gradually)” is also an adverb. What does “si hu(seem)” do? It’s a modal adverb. "渐渐地"是一个方式副词，所以呢 语气在方式的前面  。 “Jian jian de(gradually)” is an adverb of manner. Modal should be before manner  . 第二例，谁都没告诉我。 Example two, No one told me. 这个"都" 是一个 我们前面讲过，是一个范围副词，"没有"呢是一个否定副词，也就是 The word “dou(all)” is, as we have discussed before, an adverb of scope. “Mei you(no)” is a negative adverb.  那么范围在前，否定在后。  So words indicating negative voice should be placed after scope. 第三例是，他已不再是我们家的人了。 Example three, he is no longer our family. 这个"已"呢 已是一个副词，它是什么副词呢？时间副词，"不"是什么 The word “yi(already)” is an adverb. What kind of adverb? Adverbs of time. What about “bu(no)”? 是一个否定，"再"呢是一个重复副词 那么它们的顺序是 It indicates negative voice. The word “zai(again)” is a frequency adverb. Their order should be   ，也就是说时间 否定 加上重复   , that is to say, negative voice plus frequency. 由于时间的问题，后面的例子我们就不逐一介绍了 As time limited, we will skip the following examples.