[SOUND] Hi, in this lesson, we will be talking about storyboarding your presentation. What do I mean by storyboarding? In the last lesson, we have looked at the purpose, audience and contacts of presentations. Today, we will start on storyboarding the presentation by looking at how to organize the introduction, and body of the presentation. In drawing up the story board of a presentation, we will think about presentations as a process of storytelling. Look at the story act of curve. If you recall how your favorite story of fairytale starts in develop, you may recognize the story of different stars in a simple introduction and a story line gradually brings you to the climax or the high point of the story. When you bring your presentation as a story, it is not all that different. However, the arc need not start from a low point. You can start your presentation with an introduction that is highly engaging by using an attention grabbing opening to capture audience's attention. What is an attention grabber? The first few seconds of your presentation is crucial in capturing the audience's interest. Use attention grabbing strategies to start the first line of your introduction. Something that will engage, surprise, or even shock your audience as appropriate. Here are some strategies you may like to try in your next presentation. Firstly, thought-provoking questions. These may be rhetorical questions that get your audience to start thinking or reflecting. For example, have you consider migrating to another part of the world? Would you like to be served by robots in a restaurant or on board a plane? You may ask a few related questions but keep it to about three at a time to avoid tiring your audience with a sense of predictability. Besides questions, powerful visuals are often used during PowerPoint presentations. You can use the pictures and then post questions or give startling facts and comments about the visuals. Make sure it is relevant to your presentation. Yes startling facts, figures, events, and information often draw people's attention. Because you may have shocked them. Decide on what is shocking for your target audience, and make sure these are reliable and vetted. Starting with an affirmative statement, shows confidence and a state of certainty. The statement of your hook audiences' attention, if it spells out the what's in it for them. For example, you will be spending less than $10 a week after listening to my tips on saving. You can change the way you feel about public speaking after adopting this ideas. Don't you just like the sound of it? Make sure you're not exaggerating, it's just merely metaphorical. Another strategy of a shatter-day is the use of the quote. A concise quote that is relevant to your topic will help gain some level of credibility and acknowledgement even before you start. So a powerful and effective introduction always starts with a strategy that hooks the audience's attention. After which remember to greet your audience, introduce yourself briefly, and give the audience an overview of the presentation. Try not to start at the topic directly. Generate interest with attention grabbing strategy for the start. Now we have looked at how to start with an effective introduction, let's think about structuring the body of the presentation in a purposeful way. Organize the content into three key points, yes nothing more than three key points. Studies have shown that audiences generally do not retain more than three main ideas of the presentation. Develop these three points into a a three part structure. Here are some suggestions on how the three part structure can take shape, depending on the purpose of the presentation. First, you may want to present the problems and solutions. The three parts may start with what is happening followed by why is this happening and end with how can we respond? You may also present an argument using the structure where you start with the thesis followed by an anti-thesis and then the synthesis. Here's an example on the impacts of social media usage on interpersonal communication. And each statement here could be the opening statement for each point. The thesis, the use of social media has brought people closer through efficient information sharing the antithesis. Social media usage has negatively affected the quality of face-to-face communication, the synthesis. As we leverage on social media tools to enhance communication, there is a need to consider the fact that real-time interaction should not be completely replaced through online communication. Another possible organization for a three part structure is to simply categorize factors of consideration for the audience. For instance, we may class the factors that investors consider when entering a new region into the following categories. Political climate, economic outlook, cultural preference. I will now unpack the structures a little, to show you how you can organize each of the key points in the structures. Firstly, the structure for showing problems and solutions. In the first point, where you state the problem, these can be followed by supporting examples, scenarios, and cases. Point two, will then be an explanation on why the problem happened. Explain the causes. Finally in point three, provide the recommended actions or solutions to answer the question on what can be done. Substantiate your recommendations by providing reasons on the effectiveness of the actions. Also highlight the benefits of taking the actions. In presenting an argument, using the thesis, antithesis and synthesis structure, you can develop the points in this way. 1.1, state the thesis statement. 1.2, illustrates using factual information, anecdotes, expert's insights. 2.1, state the antithesis. 2.2, support the argument using definitions, findings, experts' observations. 3.1, propose the synthesis. Acknowledge and explain how the thesis is valid. 3.3, provide evidence and examples where the thesis is valid. 3.4, acknowledge and explain how the antithesis is a fair statement. 3.5, explain and provide evidence on how the antithesis is fair. 3.6, propose actions or policies that can be taken to resolve the issue. Finally, when categorizing the factors for consideration, here's what you can do to expand on each category. 1.1, state and define the scope of each of the category. 1.2, provide examples of scenarios. 1.3 states how this category has an impact on the consideration made. The same steps can be adopted for all three categories. Now that we have explored how the body of the presentation can be organized depending on the purpose, let's come back to the storyboard. So here is our presentation arc again. The arc is quickly rising because the audience's attention is hooked with the introduction. And as we move on to the climax of the most interesting and engaging points of the presentation, and after that, you may notice that audience starts to feel a little restless, why? Perhaps there's too much to learn or think about. Perhaps they are tired. But their energy level will suddenly go up again when you promise the conclude. But what are you going to do about the rest of the content in the meantime? The presentation arc is not unlike a story arc. The attention level and interest of the audience go up and down with the passing of time. The presenter has to battle with this reality. With this understanding, try to consider how this predictable arc shape can be broken up into smaller arcs with smaller peaks among the trials. How do we sustain interest and create small peaks during and throughout a presentation? One strategy we can introduce in a presentation is to create episodes of mini summaries. When you give a shot summary and transit to another segment, audience gains a sense of completion with your progress. What are mini summaries? These are quite simply a concluding statement at the end of each point to signal that you're coming to a close in the include of view point. Here are two examples. To sum up the case study demonstrates how understanding the political climate of a country is of at most importance for real estate investors. The short phrase to sum up is also a signaling phrase which cues the audience on your intention to sum up. In presentations, we describe such cues as side-posting, providing directions to the audience. Here is the second example. In short the stark difference in the number of hours one spends engaging content on social media as compared to interacting face-to-face is an indication of the lack of interpersonal communication. In short is the signaling phrase here. So, in this lesson, we have looked at how to draw the story board of a presentation. And how to organize the introduction and body of a presentation. We will continue our discussion on organizing and gauging presentations in the next part of the lesson.