Today, let's take a look at the expressions related to survey research. There are items related to survey research like "Who conducted the survey? i.e. survey research organization", What was the survey about? - Contents of survey, Who were you asking? - Survey target, How was the survey conducted? - Survey method, and "Summarized the result of the answers from targets after conducting survey. - Survey result". If we summarize the items of the survey research from the news, survey organization is Ipsos, survey target is 18,000 people from 25 countries, contents is about the concerns, method is online survey, i.e. through the internet. And the result shows that 38% of the respondents said that the problem of unemployment and finding jobs was the greatest concern and topped the list. For better understanding of the contents of the survey, it's nice to organize by items. Shall we study more? There are some more expressions that can be used to describe the result of the surveys or examination. The table on the screen is the result of a survey of high school students about what they want to do during vacation. When you want to explain the overall results of the survey, say, ‘According to the survey on what they want to do during the vacation, 60% of all respondents answered as trip; followed by 20% for games, 10% for part-time jobs, 8% for reading and 2% for others.’ It was a way to give the answers that the respondents answered the most first and then the highest to the lowest, right? The example sentence as above, ‘60% of respondents among all answered as trip’ is a very simple and concise way of explaining ‘what percent of the respondents said the answer of what.’ Let’s rephrase the underlined sentence, ‘전체 응답자 중 60%의 고등학생이 여행이라고 답하였다(60% of respondents among all answered as trip).’ ‘여행이라고 응답한 고등학생이 전체의 60%에 달하였다(High school students who answered the “trip” reached to 60% out of total).’ In this sentence, ‘에 달하다(reach to)’ means that a certain quantity or degree is met to the certain point. Therefore, this example represents that high school students who answer the question as ‘trip’ reach to 60% out of total. What about next sentence? ‘60%에 이르는 고등학생들이 여행을 꼽았다(Amount to 60% of high school students picked the ’trip)’. Here, the expression ‘에 이르다(amount to)’ is same with ‘에 달하다(reach)’ as above. In other word, it means that it is reaching to a certain quantity or degree. ‘꼽았다(picked)’ refers to bending the fingers one by one when counting the numbers or days. If you see the rephrased sentence, it is more likely to choose, point out and considered. Therefore, this sentence means that ‘about 60% of high school students chose a trip among the other choices. The next sentence is ‘여행이라는 응답이 60%로 가장 높은 비율을 차지하였다(Trip was taken up the highest percentage with 60% of the respondents).’ ‘차지하다(take up something)’ means in Korean to have space, or form the proportions. The expression can be put in front of the percentage, and described as ‘oo%로 높은/낮은 비율을 차지하다(high/low percentage).’ Today, we have learned the expressions related on the surveys. Regarding the survey, it is related on who conducted the survey, what was dealt with, and who was the respondent and how they were asked. That is, it includes the agency of the survey, content, and the subjects. And what do we call the summary of the results after the survey? Yes, it calls the result of the survey. When you explaining the results, it can be described as ‘전체 응답자 중 60%의 고등학생이 여행이라고 답하였다(60% of all respondents answered as trip).’ or shortly, ‘(누가) (무엇)이라고 답했다(someone answered what).’ In addition, ‘에 달하다(amount to)’, ‘에 이르다(reach)’, ‘을/를 꼽다(picked)’, ‘으로/로 비율을 차지하다(take up)’ would be formed as ‘여행이라고 응답한 고등학생이 전체의 60%에 달하였다(High school students who answered the “trip” reached to 60%)'; ‘60%에 이르는 고등학생들이 여행을 꼽았다(Amount to 60% of high school students picked the ’trip’)'; or ‘여행이라는 응답이 60%로 가장 높은 비율을 차지하였다(Trip was taken up the highest percentage with 60% of the respondents)'. Today, we have learned the expressions related to the surveys. From now on, if you listen to the news or read the newspaper, you will see the expressions that learned today; then using the expressions, practice by yourselves. This is the end of the class. 안녕히 계세요.