Verb, Adjective -아/어/여, declarative forms, interrogative forms (1) Man: Where are you going now? Man: I am going to Cafe. Man: Do you have time tomorrow? Man: Yes, I have. Today, we are going to learn ‘Verb Adjective -아/어/여' informal speech. -아/어/여 are used when you close the sentence combining with verbs and adjectives. We've learned -아요/어요/여요 or -습니다/ㅂ니다 as for ending sentences so for. We called this honorific expressions. In other words, you can use these expressions for elder people or people who you meet first. 아/어/여 that we are going to study today is informal expressions. We use informal speech to close friends, younger people or inferiors. The most important thing is, we use informal speech with people who are really close to. For example, we've learned that if you ask, '지금 어디 가요(Where are you going)? and the answer is ‘카페에 가요(I am going to cafe)'. However, if you ask someone who are younger than you or close to you, you would say, ‘지금 어디 가(Where are you going)?' deleting ‘요'. Also, the answer would be ‘카페에 가(I am going to cafe)' not ‘카페에 가요'. For another example, you can ask ‘내일 시간 있어(Do you have time tomorrow)?' instead of ‘내일 시간 있어요(Do you have time)?' and answer ‘응 있어(Yes, I have)' instead of ‘네 있어요(Yes, I have.)'. That is, you can say ‘응' instead of ‘네'. Verbs or adjectives that end with ‘아 or 오' such as 앉다(sit), 좋다(like), ‘아' comes and is added like ‘앉아, 좋아'. As 먹다(eat), 늦다(late) except ‘아 or 오', ‘어' comes after and it makes ‘먹어, 늦어'. The verbs or adjectives with ‘-하다', it become ‘해' and can be used like 공부해(study), 불편해(uncomfortable). Try to use as the example. Look at the example. We do not have a Korean language class today. How can you use this expression between close friends? Yes, with informal speech. How would it be like? Right, 오늘은 한국어 수업이 없어(We do not have a Korean language class today). You can say like this. Teacher: Now, can Mehail and Robar try? Number one. I have a lot to do tomorrow. How can you say this to your close friend? Mehail, please try to change it to informal speech. Mehail: I have a lot to do tomorrow. Teacher: Good job. I have a lot to do tomorrow. You can use like this. Well done. Can we try number two? Happy Birthday. How can you use this to your close friends? Robar, can you try? Robar: Happy Birthday. Teacher: Well done. You can say 생일을 축하해 instead of 생일을 축하해요. You can say like this. Number three, I have another plan today. How can you change this expression when you talk to your close friend? Mehail, please try. Mehail: I have another plan today. Teacher: Excellent. I have another plan today. You can say like this. Great. Can we try practice number two? We've learned this conversation before. We will change this conversation into informal speech. First, Robar, you will be Yuna and Mehail, you will be James in this conversation. Can you read this? Robar: I like this cafe. There are lots of people here working and studying. Mehail: Yes, I sometimes come here to study, too. Robar: Cafe is a place for talking over coffee but it seems lots of university students are studying in cafe these days. Mehail: Yes, it seems like. Coffee is on me today. Robar: Thank you. Teacher: Good job. Now, let's convert to informal speech again. Can you read? Robar: I like this cafe. There are lots of people here working and studying. Mehail: Yes, I sometimes come here to study, too. Robar: Cafe is a place for talking over coffee but it seems lots of university students are studying in cafe these days. Mehail: Yes, it seems like. Coffee is on me today. Robar: Thank you. Teacher: Well done everyone.