Verb -아도/어도/여도 되다 Dduan: May I try this food? Yuna: Of course. Please try. Should I submit the homework by today? Duan: No, you can submit it by tomorrow. Today, we are going to learn ‘-아도/어도/여도 되다.’ ‘-아도/어도/여도 되다’ can be used when you ask a permission to do something or give a permission to that. For example, if you ask a permission, ‘May I try this food?’ You can answer ‘Sure,’ ‘You can try’ or ‘Of course you can have.’ This explains an action for asking a permission to try the food and giving a permission to that. Another example, if you ask ‘Should I submit the homework by today?’ the answer can be ‘No, you can submit it by tomorrow.’ This means it is okay for you to finish the homework by tomorrow. The verbs that have stem’s final syllable ending with ‘아’ or ‘오’ such as ‘가다(go), 오다(come),’ it can be changed to ‘가도 되다, 와도 되다’ and other vowels like ‘먹다(eat), 마시다(drink)’ should be combined with ‘어도 되다’ as ‘먹어도 되다, 마셔도 되다.’ The verbs that end with ‘하다’ like ‘청소하다(clean)’ can be used as ‘전화해도 되다, 청소해도 되다.’ Can we try with the examples? Here’s a clothing store. You would like to try a cloth on, so you need to ask to the clerk. How do you ask? ‘May I try this on?’ You can ask like this.‘입다(try on/wear)’ should be changed to ‘입어도 되다.’ Right? Then, the clerk’s answer will be ‘Yes. you can try it on (네, 입어보세요 or 네, 입어봐도 돼요).’ Teacher: Well, can you try number one? Mehail, you can go with (가). Robar, can you try (나)? Mehail: Do you mind if I sit here? Robar. No. You're good. Teacher: Great job. ‘앉다(sit)’ has ‘아’ sound. So, ‘앉아도 돼요’ is correct. Do you mind if I sit here? Then, let him. How can you say? No, you’re good. You can say like this. Excellent. Shall we try number two? (가) number two for Robar, Mehail, please try (나). Robar: May I take a picture here? Mehail: No, you cannot take a picture here. Teacher: Excellent. ‘사진을 찍다(take a picture)’ can be changed to 사진을 찍어도 되다. So here, the question was ‘사진을 찍어도 되요(May I take a picture)?’ However, it’s forbidden to take pictures normally in Korean museums. So, what was the Mehail’s answer? He said, ‘No, you can’t take a picture here.’ Good job. Let’s try number three then. Mehail, please try (가) and Robar, you can go with (나). Mehail: Is it okay if I cook in the dormitory? Robar: No, you can't cook in the dormitory. Teacher: ‘요리하다(cook)’ is a verb. How can it be changed? It becomes ‘-해도 되다.’ So, you can say ‘요리해도 돼요’? The question was, ‘Can I cook in the dormitory?’ It’s not allowed to cook in the Korean dormitory normally. So, ‘No, you can’t cook in the dormitory,’ was the answer. Great. Shall we try practice number two? Look at the picture. It seems this guy is asking something to the girl. What is he asking her? He asked her, ‘May I call you at night?’ Can you guess what her answer will be? She said, ‘Yes, no problem.’ Excellent. Let’s try number one. Look at the picture number one. Mehail, what do you think the kid asks her mother? Mehail: Yes. I think she asks, ‘Can I have a candy?’ Teacher: Great job. Then, what can be the mother’s answer? I would say, ‘먹어도 돼요(Yes, you can).’ Robar, what would you say if you were a mother? Robar: I would say, ‘You can have a candy’ Teacher: You would? You can say, ‘You can have a candy.’Excellent. Can we try number two? Robar, look at the picture. A student is raising his hand in the class. It seems he wants to ask something to the teacher. What is the question? Robar: Teacher, May I go to the restroom? Teacher: Great. You can ask, ‘Teacher, may I go the restroom now?’ Then, what can be the teacher’s answer? Yes. ‘You can go to the restroom.’ This should be an answer. Excellent. Can we try number three as well? Mehail, Mr. Dduan doesn’t have a cell phone and a purse either. So he is asking for something to Ms. Yuna. How can he say? Mehail: Yuna, May I use your cell phone? Teacher: Yes. He has no cell phone. So, he asked Yuna, ‘Yuna, May I use your cell phone?’ Good job.