So, this is video three in module three, passion in a bottle. I call this video reverse outlining and it’s a little more of an improvisational technique then simply rehearsing your script. Here's how I see its working. When you have a script that you've rehearsed and you feel like the script is solid, what I want you to do, is try and recreate the outline on a piece of paper. Just go over that outline, and try and recreate it from memory. The reason I call this reverse outlining is because traditionally we think of an outline, as something that well you use Cuskin's formula and you create an outline, you write your script and then you're done. Well I'm saying reverse it now, recreate that outline after you've rehearsed the script. Even if you have to read the script over, recreating the outline on a separate piece of paper will help you tremendously. Because it will mean that you're really familiar with the beats and the important points of the script. It will mean that you've internalized it enough that you don't really have to worry about getting lost anymore. It will give you a kind of possession of the very framework of your script. But sometimes, you're called upon to speak, and you don't have a script. You don't have time to rehearse in front of a mirror. At those times, I want to suggest yet another process, one of outlining and reverse outlining. Outlining and reverse outlining. Indeed, a process where these two things are so tightly woven together that your creativity is moving through writing and memorizing at the same time. This is what happened to me when I was in China with the governor. And the governor's aide came up and said well could you do a presentation? So I did. And what I did was this combination of outlining and reverse outlining. I have my little black book that I had with me in China. And all I had was my black book, my pen, and a long bus ride. So what I did, I want you literally to peer over my shoulder here and take a look at how I did it. If you I actually started in the back of my book so that I could work my way forward and in my own crazy mind that was a sense of this is a backwards process. I only have time to reverse outline. So I'm starting backwards. So here you can see, I'm literally beginning. I started with welcome and conclusion, and these were two modular content units. And you can see I'm not even, I'm just working ideas here. And I did it again, welcome to modular content units, conclusion. Now here I'm still outlining but my ideas are coming into focus, one, two, three, one, two, three, one, two, three. I am literally thinking in terms of a grid of threes. That's the outlining, and the reverse outlining. Now here you can really see, I'm beginning to reorganize my modular content units. And I'm beginning to develop some of those fourth points, the keywords. One, two, three, four. And you can see very literally here. Thank you. I wrote it out. Welcome I crossed out and wrote thank you, I wanted to start with thank you. Here's conclusion. Here seems to be another modular content unit evolving, and I'm shoving it in because it's going to help me. One, two, three, conclusion. Here I'm breaking things down, knowledge ecology. I'm coming to my concept keywords which are really governing those modular content units. Thank you. I'm going to begin by standing up and saying, thank you. Then in the end, it's getting a little more simple and this is really the point of reverse outlining. All these is still very busy, this is getting to the point of reverse outlining, because I am simplifying in my mind the keywords that define what I want to say. And I want to show you something really important here. This is my thesis. This is my one compelling point. American education is rich in innovation. And why is that important? Because Colorado has an innovation culture. You can see that if you go back, I am wrestling with American innovation, American education, I am wrestling with that one compelling point from the start. Obviously I went over and over and over in this until I had what I wanted to say. And it took me a long time. But the point of the matter is by reverse outlining, you internalize what you want to say. And you own the concepts. The key words that defined what you're saying as you read. The importance too, is to get that one compelling point and bring it back up to the front. All of this, standing in front of the mirror, being your own harsh critic, outlining, and reverse outlining, is a form of self-reflection. Because you need to reflect on what you're going to say if you're going to say it in a believable fashion.