This lecture is not so much about reproducible research, per se. But it's more about how you can communicate your results, in a way that people can understand them, and can check your results, if they need to. So particularly, when you're doing a large data analysis, or, you know, a complex kind of project. And you do your work in a reproducible manner. You're going to generate a lot of content and a lot of files and a lot of output and a lot of data. And those all cannot be presented at once. And so when you present your, your kind of findings to another person you're going to have, there's going to, there's a kind of hierarchy of information that you're going to want to present. Ranging from kind of least specific to most specific. So the bottom line is that, you know, most people are, these days are very busy. People like managers and organization leaders are going to be very busy. And so they are going to have to kind of accept content that you present. At a, at a kind of a, at a, at a, at a, in a kind of hierarchical matter. So the idea is that, you know, many times, when you, when you present a data analysis, it will be in an oral form like a presentation or in a meeting. But often the kind of early results or intermediate results are, are presented via, via a medium like email. And it's useful to break down the results of an analysis into kind of different levels of specificity or granularity. And so here's a link to just some general advice on kind of how to get email responses from busy people. But the basic idea is that you don't want to kind of blast a ton of information to someone in one go, because it'll be overwhelming, and people will be less likely to read what you have to say. So if you think about you know, what a typical research paper might look like, you know, there's a, it's a hierarchy of information built into a research paper. So typically the first level is going to be the title. Which is descriptive of what the paper's about, hopefully it's interesting, it tells you a little bit about what's going on, but there's really no detail in a title. Just the kind of the topic that's covered. The next will be the abstract, which would be, usually be a couple hundred words, about what the paper's about. You know, what motivated the problem what they did to solve the problem. What the, kind of the bottom line results were. So that's only going to be in the abstract. Then of course you have the paper itself. You know, the body of the paper will show you, will have the, you know, the methods. And more details about what you really did. There will be the more detailed results any sensitivity analyses you know, things can, things like that will be in the paper. And a much longer discussion of the implications of the results. But of course, even the written paper these days, for a complex data analysis, doesn't specify, really, all the details that need to be used to need, that are needed to reproduce the findings. So then you typically might have some supplementary de, materials which have a lot more of the details about what was done. And, and then if you really, really want to kind of do what was done to a level of precision that is kind of useful, you probably need to get the code, the data and all the gory details of kind of what happened. So that's kind of like the, the range of things that you might be able to present from least specific to most specific, so not everyone, of course, is going to be writing a research paper, but there is an analog to kind of most presentations of data analysis. And so, if you're going to be you know, mailing results to a person. Either a colleague, or a manager. then, you know, the, the first line of information is the subject of the email, all right, so the subject of the e-mail is kind of like the title. And you want to have it, kind of concise, you want to be descriptive, and at a minimum, you want to have one, all right? So don't leave it, don't, don't send an e-mail without a subject, so it's not specific as to what the e-mail is about. If you can summarize kind of what you've done in one sentence, the, then it may be useful put that in the subject. That way people reading the subject can kind of get a sense of what's happening and maybe even make a decision based on that alone. The next level of information of course is the email body. And you, you don't want to go, even though there's no technical limit on the size of the email body, you don't want to go too crazy with this, But you want to have, you know provide a brief description of the problem maybe if someone doesn't, you know, if the person may not remember. If they're working on many different things at once, they may not remember what the problem is, precisely what you're working on, so give them a little context, give them a little description. Recall, you know, if there was a meeting previously. You know, talk about what was proposed and, you know, and what you actually did. Summarize some of your findings and your results and maybe, you know, for a total for one to two paragraphs in this whole, the email body. If you need this, the person that you're presenting the information to to take some sort of action based on these, the results of this presentation, then you should try to suggest some options that and make them as concrete as possible. Alright. So and if there are questions that need to be addressed, if you want them to kind of comeback with an answer, it's usually best to try to make them yes no questions or as simple as possible. After the email body, of course, you might be able to attach something that's quite a bit longer, a PDF file or another type of document, and so this can be like a report containing more detailed analyses, figures, tables, things like that. You can, this can be derived from an R markdown file. You can use it, you know, something that you create with knitr. But of course, even in the report like this where you may be allowed, you know, a couple of pages to, to present things, you still want to stay concise, you don't want to spit out pages and pages of code and tables and results. We know that your code is available because if you use something like knitr then obviously, you have to kind of put the code in with the results, but you don't necessarily have to present it all in the report. Your opportunity to do something like that of course will be, if, if you, if you have someone who really wants to look at what you put, what you did precisely, you can give em a link to some sort of repository, like GitHub, or a project website that would have all of the details. Or all your code files. All your data sets. All your, all that kind of, all the nitty gritty like that. All your, your software environment, things like that. And so. So that's kind of the level of, different levels of detail that you might want to present to someone. And so people who are truly interested in everything that you did, you know, or really want to know kind of the details, they might go to your GitHub repository and start pulling your code and start looking at it and start looking at the detailed results. But someone who wants kind of top line or I should say, you know, top line summaries. You know, they'll, they'll read the email, they'll look at the subject, they'll read the brief description. And might flip through the report. And so different, the point is that different people are going to be interested in different levels of details of, about what you've done. So you want to be, and so you want to present people with those different levels, so that they might be able to choose the level that they are most interested in. And so this is just kind of a generic template for kind of how you might present a an analysis or a data, or a project that you've worked on. Not every presentation will kind of need all these different levels but I think that, I find this to be a useful breakdown of the different types of presentations that you can make.