In this module, we'll start by learning how to recognize potential hazards in the workplace. Then we'll determine what equipment is necessary to stay safe and comply with the laws and regulations. On the completion of this module, you'll be able to; one, recognize, evaluate, and control hazards, two, lists several different types of PPEs, three, determine what safety equipment to use, and four, identify general safe practices for tool and equipment use. As we know work environments involves some hazards, but one working around electricity, the hazards can become life-threatening. For example, a mistake made during a switching operation can result in serious injury because are at high voltages and significant amounts of current. There are times when equipment must be taken out of service and thus switching is necessary. The operator must have the bus protective equipment available when working in these conditions and the employee must be trained thoroughly in the use of this equipment. Special protective clothing and equipment are provided to minimize the hazardous risk of a current passing through your body and the dangerous exposure to intense heat. It is the responsibility of the worker to use the equipment properly. Employer should train the workers on a proper fit and use. The purpose of PPEs is to provide an effective line of defense against health and safety hazards. They're working out in the public, they can be off the side in roadway. So obviously our guys would be on High Vis Clothing, your Safety Vest, hard hats, the company stocks of large variety of gloves, Safety Goggles, a lot of different kinds of safety goggles we offer our folks. So as far as tools goal, we definitely have a lot of tools that make the jobs easier. Some of the heavier equipment that some of our guys have to lift. For example, jackhammers, all of our main liners are equipped with like an elevator system for some of the heavier equipment like jackhammers, things like that. So. Let's look at some specific types of PPEs. Hard hats. Worn to protect your head. Hard hats must have a hard outer shell and a shock absorbing lining that incorporates a headband and straps that suspend a shell from one to one and a quarter inches or 2.54 centimeters to 3.18 centimeters away from the head. This type of design provides shock absorption during an impact and also provides ventilation. You must wear head protection for the following reasons. If objects may fall from above, or if you may bump your head against fixed objects such as pipes or beams, and if there is a possibility of coming into contact with electrical hazards. Do not drill holes, paint, or apply labels to protective headgear and do not store it in direct sunlight, as this may reduce the integrity of the protection. There are three types of protection from eye and face injuries: safety glasses, safety goggles, and face shields. The employer must determine if hazards in the workplace necessitate the use of eye and face protection. There are five broad categories of hazards to the eyes and face; impact, heat, chemicals, dust, and optical radiation. Safety glasses shield eyes from flying particulates and a reduce glare. Non-conducting safety glasses must be worn while working on live exposed Electrical Bart's. To encourage workers to use safety glasses more consistently, manufacturers have improved their appearance, offering more modern designs. What are some other requirements? They must provide adequate protection. They need to be constructed or design that covers the hazards. They must fit snugly, be durable, and able to be disinfected. They will be identified by the manufacturer. Alternatively, we have safety goggles. Safety goggles are tight fitting eye protection that completely covers the eyes, eye sockets, and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes to provide protection from impact, dust, and splashes. Some will fit over corrective lenses. They are intended to provide protection from impact hazards, heat hazards, and chemical hazards. Going to the next level, face shields. Face shields are intended to protect the entire face when worn alone. Face shields do not protect employees from impact hazards, so they should be combined with safety glasses or goggles. Face shields consists of two parts: head gear and window shield. Us face shields when using tools such as jackhammer, chipping gun, grinder or beveling machine. Safety vest. Safety vest are brightly colored fluorescent reflective material worn over wore clothes. There are three types worn in various conditions. Class 1 is used in areas where vehicle traffic does not exceed 25 miles per hour, they come in vest and t-shirts styles. Class 2 is used in areas where workers require greater visibility where traffic speed is between 25 and 50 miles per hour. Class 3 types for providing the highest level of visibility and are worn in high-risk areas, where speed exceed 50 miles per hour. They cover the upper body including arms. This class often includes coveralls, jackets, pants or rain gear. Footwear. There are many hazards that requires special protection for the feet and legs. Hazardous chemicals, hot metals, falling objects, slippery surfaces, sharp objects, and electrical hazards are just a few of the dangerous present. Safety footwear must meet ANSI minimum compression and impact performance standards. Electrical hazard safety shoes prevent feed from completing an electrical circuit. Note that non-conductive footwear should not be worn in explosive location. Proper fit and sizing is critical and should be inspected before each use.