Okay, presenting the topic, of course. Dress well, I hope I've met your expectations today. The young lady who put the outline on here used red, so I thought a red tie would be appropriate. [FOREIGN] is red you know. And red is the favorite color of China. And red lights are so lovely when you're driving your car. Look a red light! That's great, you know. Just a happy time everywhere red, red, red right? So I wore red. I also have little dragons. You can see my dragons there, little dragons. Dragon going up, that means the emperor is strong. Dragons not going down, so he's not the government officials right? History, there you go. Anyway, look the part. Dress at least one step above your audience. If your audience is wearing a shirt and pants, you wear a tie. They're wearing a tie, you wear a tie and a suit. But after that there's not much you can do. You know, you dress at least as formal as you can, but just a little bit more to show respect to the audience. Be confident. Practice before you do this, you know. Prepare. Know your topic and subject. If you're up here going ooh, I'm going to tell you something it's important. They're probably going to go, who is this guy? I mean you have to be, at least look like you're confident. Now, of course, you could get somebody up here just reading something. You know, there could be notes at the bottom of the screen and he could just read it to you. You might as well just watch a video. When you present the topic, that means you're interactive. That means when I see people going, then I can say, okay, my audience is missing this. I better go back a little bit, give more foundation knowledge until they start going yeah, I got it, I got it. Then I can go on. I might be able to speed up a little bit, right? So, presenting the topic. What are you talking about and how you deliver it of course, is very important. And you know our topic already is about delivery. So, next one. What are the needs. I'm confused here, because I'll get. What are the needs of your audience? Now I just asked you a few questions, you told me some things you need. Our professor here also gave me some things that he thought you were interested in, which I've included into this presentation. So, I hope that, by the end of this presentation, I'll have met your needs. Your needs are something that you want from me. I'm suppose to be an expert in making multi-cultural presentations if you will, right? And so hopefully from the introduction, by introducing my background, my history, and some experiences, you might go okay, he sounds like he knows what he's talking about. I guess I'll listen a little bit longer. because you gotta hook your audience in the very first part. Because let's say you have a large audience like a symposium of some kind, and people are coming and going. Well they're going to go, unless you catch them or hook them with something interesting right. And so it depends like your stage performance, your appearance your confidence, and of course, your introduction, how you introduce yourself. So meeting the needs of your audience is very important. What can I do for you? Well I asked a few people, and I'm going to do that for you. I'm going to try and show you during this presentation some of the answers to your questions. And hopefully give you something that's useful for you in the future. Okay move this thing over a little bit. What are some barriers to communications? Barriers to communication. There are so many barriers right. I mean the very first one that usually I encounter is language. Not everybody is a fluent English speaker on the planet. Not yet. Maybe someday. Not everybody speaks perfect Chinese. Not yet, maybe someday right? It depends on who wins in the future right? Is this going to be a Chinese world or going to be an English one? I don't know what's going to happen in the future. But more and more people are learning Chinese. And more and more people are learning English. Now I do have to say that when you usually, in your future world, when you graduate from this university, and you go to work. You're probably going to be working if internationally, international company and speaking English. So English is usually first barrier, you know, your vocabulary, you might need a higher technical vocabulary to fit the area that you're working in. If you're a software engineer you should really be able to say [INAUDIBLE] What's that again? [INAUDIBLE] When I first came to China in 1998, a bunch of, no where was I? No, it was 2002, I was at Intel and a bunch of these PhD's saying, It's not [INAUDIBLE] it's [INAUDIBLE] I said no, it's algorithm. They said no, it's [INAUDIBLE] I said no,it's algorithm. But we learned at Beidi it was [INAUDIBLE] I said no, it's not. And we had to struggle, and finally got some, I had to go three online dictionaries to prove the pronunciation. So sometimes the pronunciation might not be correct, and that's what native English speakers are good for. They'll hear what you say, hopefully give you the proper pronunciation. Now of course I'm not an English Major. There might be some areas, that I might miss something, somewhere but very rare I think. Okay, other barriers. Cultural. We have a different way of doing things when we have a meeting and thinking. And I went over this earlier, about how Chinese are much more quiet, and they don't ask questions as much. They don't interrupt, they don't disagree as much. And this causes a big problem because Americans are very, are dynamic, we ask questions we challenge, like Beidai students do. We always trying to find out something going on, and we assume that if I'm talking to somebody, for example at the meeting, a Chinese person or perhaps online, and they don't ask any questions, they don't say anything. That means in my culture, they agree with me. Everything I'm saying they understand. And I can go faster. No problem right. And then the meeting's out the window, nobody knows what's going on after that. They just record everything, go back and listen to it again, and hopefully figure it out. This is a cultural difference. If you want to work with people who are from different cultures, it's a good idea to study a little bit about the way they do things in the setting you're going to work in. If you're going to make a speech, how do people in this audience react to you? If you're going to go to a meeting. Okay, to make a presentation. You should know something about the audience, and their background and culture. And be respectful, you know? I know that Chinese people do not like to speak up and say something unless they're going to say it perfectly, and not make a mistake, because they don't want to embarrass themselves in front of anybody else. That kills innovation, by the way. So this is barriers that need to be worked on. And we'll talk about those later on in this presentation. Now I have to say though, to overcome barriers like this usually takes time and experience, and research. And travel, meet people. You live in Beijing. All roads lead to Beijing, right? A long time ago it was Rome, but that's too small now. All roads lead to Beijing. You can meet anybody from any country. And about any type of topic you want to talk about, you can find them. And Beijing University has a lot of international students. Your campus is quite diverse, and that's why. Well, let's say for Harvard for example, they really like to have students from different countries, so that the wealthy you know, students from America can meet people without having to travel. And you can do the same thing here too. There are lots of foreign students all over this, Widalco is just a party central. There are students everywhere. Just go down to Widalco on a Friday, Saturday night. Stand out front of Seven Eleven and you'll meet all kinds of people. And most of them can speak English or Chinese, that's why they're here. And you can talk to them about many different topics and subjects and learn something about their culture. Ask them questions. Your students. Your job is to ask questions. Which comes to the next step. Why don't people ask any questions? Anybody have any questions? [NOISE] The wind just goes blowing by. Well, as a professor, I require my students to ask questions, and when they come to class I expect at least two good questions from each student. I don't ask all of them because I have like, sixty students I just say, I haven't talked to you for awhile, what's your question? And they go ooh, better have done their homework or minus five points. Didn't do your homework. That question, why is the sky blue? It's not relevent, minus five points you know. So I make my students ask questions and this really helps them, because after about a third or fourth class. They know they've got to have good questions. And they include that as part of their homework. And then they become more active in class. They ask more questions. And they start gathering knowledge faster. And I think this really helps my students, and I will think it will help you too. If you go to a meeting or you're in an audience and you want to participate, then ask questions. Okay? Any questions? Not yet? Well start thinking of some, okay? In a few minutes I'll ask you again, right? Now [COUGH] I don't mind if you raise your hand I'll stop when I can if you have a question, but I'll stop every once in a while and ask you if you have questions.