Create User Directory and Files with Linux Commands

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In this Guided Project, you will:

Display the directory tree from a terminal.

Describe permissions in files and directories using ls -l.

Create a bash script to add a user and copy directories and files into the new user’s directory.

Clock1 hour
IntermediateIntermediate
CloudNo download needed
VideoSplit-screen video
Comment DotsEnglish
LaptopDesktop only

Practically everything on a Linux operating system is a directory or file. It is important to understand how the file system is structured and how to manipulate it from the command line. This allows for file management even when no GUI tools are present, which is common in a server environment. For example, in an organization it is important for new users to share a common directory and file setup to improve productivity. A system admin can add the new user and create the directory structure common to all other users in the system. The user can then customize their Linux experience by adding their own files and directories. In this course, you will use Linux commands to create directories and files for a new user added to the system. The result will be a script to add a new user with a common directory structure. Note: This course works best for learners who are based in the North America region. We’re currently working on providing the same experience in other regions.

Skills you will develop

System AdministrationLinux Command LineFile ManagementBash ScriptingUbuntu

Learn step-by-step

In a video that plays in a split-screen with your work area, your instructor will walk you through these steps:

  1. Display the directory tree from a terminal.

  2. Describe permissions in files and directories using ls -l.

  3. Use the mkdir -p command to recursively add directories.

  4. Use adduser to create a new user account and give the user directories and files.

  5. Create a bash script to add a user and copy directories and files into the new user’s directory.

How Guided Projects work

Your workspace is a cloud desktop right in your browser, no download required

In a split-screen video, your instructor guides you step-by-step

Frequently asked questions

Frequently Asked Questions

More questions? Visit the Learner Help Center.