Getting your first job can be a confusing process. Here's a guide on how to navigate it.
Whether you’re freshly graduated, still in school, or trying to launch a career in a new industry, finding and landing that first job is a major milestone. Here’s a step-by-step guide to navigating the job search.
Before you start applying to jobs, it’s a good idea to get a sense of what’s out there. What kind of job appeals to you? What industry are you drawn to? If you’re stuck, try making a list of areas and jobs you’re interested in. This can give you some clarity around what you want—and what you don’t want.
Once you have an idea of what kind of job you’d like, learn about it. Join some professional groups on LinkedIn and read through several job descriptions of the position. You’ll gradually build a sense of what skills are needed, and what recruiters are looking for.
If you’re still in school, talk to a career counselor about available opportunities they can connect you with. Ask about opportunities they’re aware of, and see if they can connect you with people who work in areas you’re interested in.
Don’t worry—it’s more normal than you think. You don’t have to narrow down your interests to just one job; picking several to keep on your radar is fine, especially as you’re just starting out. Don’t forget that your first job doesn’t have to be your dream job. If you find the work you landed isn’t what you expected, you can always try to find work elsewhere.
Applying to your first job will inevitably mean you won’t have a lot of professional experiences to list, if any at all. That’s fine, people will know you’re just starting out. Here are a few tips to building out a resume for your first job:
Education: Start with your education. List the name of your school, your graduation year, and your GPA. You can call out any relevant courses you’ve taken in a section called “Relevant coursework.”
Extracurricular and volunteer activities: If you’ve been involved in any volunteer work, school clubs, or other activities in your community like Scouting, call these out. What did you help achieve? What skills did you use?
Skills: What technical or human skills do you have? Listing skills you consider your strengths can signal to an interviewer the kind of person that you are. Some you might consider include language abilities, computer skills, analytical skills, time management, and organization.
Read more on how to make a resume for your first job.
Once you have your resume ready, you can start applying to jobs. After you find a few you’re interested in, tailor your resume to the position as best as you can. You can do this by swapping out relevant courses, listing different activities, and emphasizing skills that fit best.
Keep an eye out for entry-level positions, including internships. A little research should give you an idea of what kinds of positions are typical entry-level in the field.
Some entry-level jobs say they want people with years of experience. Why’s that?
Some job descriptions might say they’re entry-level, but then turn around and say they require a few years of relevant experience. This is because job descriptions often list their “perfect” candidate, knowing that most applicants might not have everything they ask for. Don’t be afraid to apply to these listings if you have most of the other qualifications.
Don’t forget that “relevant experience” doesn’t have to mean a job. Coursework or experiences where you showed any of the qualifications requested can count. Be honest about what you bring, and convey your enthusiasm for the job. A willingness to learn and other transferable skills you bring to the table might make up for your experience level.
Preparing for an interview can help you do well on the day of, and calm your nerves. A few days before the interview, practice answering some common interview questions. It can help to write out several questions and jot down some notes on what you'd say. Try saying your answers out loud. You might also have a friend or family member play the role of the interviewer. Pick out the clothes you’ll wear ahead of time.
Here are a few questions you might hear in your interview:
Tell me about yourself.
Why do you want to work for us?
What are your greatest strengths?
What makes you a good candidate for this position?
How would you deal with conflict?
Don’t forget to ask questions at the end. Do some research and prepare a few questions about the work or organization that you’d like to clarify, or are curious about. Feeling stuck? You can ask about the work culture, or what typical career progressions at the organization look like.
As curious as you may be, asking about pay might signal that you’re only interested in the paycheck, and not in the work itself. And while it’s true that money is important, there’s probably a reason you chose to apply to this job and not others. Focus on those aspects of your interest during the interview. Once you get a job offer, you can ask more in detail about pay, vacation time, and benefits.
You’re done with the interview—congrats! Regardless of how it went, interviews can be mentally challenging and deserve some recognition.
As you wait to hear back, it’s a good idea to apply to other jobs. It’s rare to get a job at the first place you apply to, and it’s better to open up more options for yourself.
You can also build up the skills you’ll need for the jobs you want as you wait. Whether it’s communication, computer programming, Microsoft Excel, Spanish, or data analysis, you’ll be able to find many different types of courses online. You can complete a professional certificate to learn in-demand skills.
Sometimes you send in your application or finish an interview, and end up not hearing back at all. If it’s been at least a week, you can try sending an email to the organization to check in with the recruiter. Sometimes organizations can be slow in getting back to you because they’re still interviewing other candidates, or are busy with other work.
At other times, it can mean that they went with a different candidate. It can be hard not to take it personally or get discouraged, but rest assured that this happens all the time. In the meantime, apply to other jobs and keep moving forward.
In your first job, you might be a waiter, a sales clerk, or computer programmer. Whether it’s a good job will depend on your needs and interests. Remember, first jobs don’t always have to be dream jobs. If it can help you learn about the industry you’re interested in, or the skills you need to move forward, that can be valuable too.
Here are a few questions to ask yourself to evaluate potential jobs:
Will this job teach me new skills?
Will this job help me meet people that are in the field I’m interested in?
Is this job in a field I’m interested in?
What hours will I have to work?
Will I be able to support myself?
Can I meet the physical requirements for this job?
Many suggest staying at your first job for at least a year. This is because it can be a red flag for recruiters if you jump frequently from job to job. That said, how long you stay at your job will depend on a variety of factors, including your personal satisfaction, how much you’re learning, your financial situation, and what your end goals are.
Before your first day, plan out the clothes you’ll wear, and make sure you know how to get to your workplace on time, even with unexpected factors like traffic. When you start, arrive on time or early. Introduce yourself to people, and don’t be afraid to ask questions.
This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.