How to Get a Job as an Accountant | 10 Tips

Written by Coursera • Updated on

Accountants handle bookkeeping and maintain financial records. If you’re organized and enjoy working with numbers, a career in accounting could be a good fit. Find out how to get started.

[Featured image] An accountant works at her laptop computer in a brightly lit office.

Accountants are professionals who manage financial records for businesses and individuals. If you enjoy working with numbers and have an eye for detail this may be the field for you. Let’s take a look at what they do and how you can set yourself up for success in the field.

What does an accountant do?

Accountants have numerous duties and can choose many specialties, but all of them have one thing in common: money. Whether you work for private individuals, big corporations, small businesses, government agencies, or nonprofits, you’ll manage finances and offer advice on how to make the best decisions regarding money. You’ll keep records and make sure they’re accurate and up-to-date. 

Depending on your specialty or the needs of a clients, other duties may include: 

  • Examining financial statements for accuracy 

  • Preparing, filing, and paying taxes 

  • Ensuring compliance with all federal, state, and local financial laws   

  • Analyzing trends and financial data

  • Making budget recommendations 

  • Advising on ways to cut costs and raise profits

  • Keeping records and books organized and up to date 

  • Providing auditing services or working together with an auditor 

  • Identifying risks and recommending solutions 

10 tips for getting a job as an accountant 

If this sounds like the field for you, these steps will help prepare you to find a job and advance through your career. 

1. Make sure you enjoy working with numbers.   

You’ll spend your days analyzing, calculating, presenting, and proofreading numbers, so above everything else, you should enjoy it. You don't have to be a math expert. As long as you can do the basics—adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing—you can do the job. 

2. Build workplace skills. 

There's more to this role than basic number skills. You'll also need to be: 

  • Detail-oriented—one small mistake can have a big impact

  • Business savvy 

  • An analytical thinker 

  • Organized 

  • A good verbal and written communicator 

  • A problem solver 

  • Literate in general computer skills and accounting software 

  • Ethical—when you have access to financial information, confidentiality is a must, as is your willingness to do what's best for your client while following all laws and regulations   

3. Take math, finance, and business classes.  

If you're in high school and you already know you want to go into this field, take as many courses in math, computer science, economics, statistics, and business as you can. If you're not currently in school, consider taking online courses that can help prepare you for your career and future education. Explore whether accounting is right for you with a course like Fundamentals of Accounting from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 

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specialization

Fundamentals of Accounting

Accounting Basics for Managers and Entrepreneurs. Apply principles that underlie financial statements and facilitate business decisions and goals.

4.6

(892 ratings)

21,333 already enrolled

BEGINNER level

Average time: 6 month(s)

Learn at your own pace

Skills you'll build:

Income Statement, Cost, Financial Statement, Balance Sheet, Accounting, Accounting Terminology, Financial Ratio

4. Earn your bachelor's degree.  

While a bachelor's degree is not absolutely necessary—some people enter the field with only an associate degree or on-the-job training—most experts strongly encourage it. 

Many entry-level positions require a candidate to have a bachelor's degree. Aim for a degree in accounting or a related field, where you'll study topics like basic financial accounting, business law, statistics, economics, auditing, managerial accounting, accounting entities, income tax accounting, and more. 

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5. Gain experience through an internship or entry-level job. 

Once you graduate with your bachelor's degree—and maybe even before—it's time to gain some experience. You can do this through an internship or with an entry-level position. Not only will it look great on your resume and help you land a better job in the future, but it will help you understand the field better and maybe even lead you to a specialty.

Some entry-level jobs in accounting include:

6. Consider what kind of career you want.   

Not all accountants do the same thing. While you're gaining experience, think about what you might want your specialty to be. If you like solving problems and getting to the bottom of a situation, forensics may be for you. If you enjoy paying close attention to details, you may want to become an auditor. 

Explore specializations from some of the world’s top universities through courses like Forensic Accounting and Fraud Examination, Auditing I: Conceptual Foundations of Auditing, Managerial Accounting Fundamentals, or Accounting Data Analytics.

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7. Earn a master's degree. 

Accountants make competitive wages, but you’ll typically earn more if you have a master's degree. While the degree is not necessary, it can help provide the skills you need for a specialty and the hours you need to become a certified public accountant (CPA). Many master's degrees in accounting can be obtained through online programs.  

Learn more about what it’s like to earn your Master of Accounting online through the University of Illinois. You can sample a course from the program (U.S. Federal Taxation or Financial Reporting) before you apply. If you choose to enroll, your completed courses could count toward your degree.

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U.S. Federal Taxation

U.S. Federal Taxation of Individuals & Businesses. Learners will develop knowledge in U.S. federal taxation as applied to individuals and businesses.

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INTERMEDIATE level

Average time: 9 month(s)

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Skills you'll build:

Depreciation, Federal Tax Returns, Tax Law

8. Become a CPA. 

There are some financial responsibilities, especially within large businesses and organizations, that require a CPA. You’ll typically make more money and enhance your job prospects or pool of potential clients.

Requirements to become a CPA vary by state but may include a bachelor's degree, a specific number of hours of accounting-related education and experience, age minimums, residency requirements, and passing an ethics exam. Once you meet the requirements, you'll need to work under a licensed CPA for a certain number of hours. Check with your state's Board of Accountancy for specific requirements for your jurisdiction.  

9. Get certified. 

If you don't want to become a CPA, there are other certifications you can earn: 

  • A certified management accountant (CMA) has both accounting and managerial skills. This is typically needed to become a chief financial officer for a company. 

  • An enrolled agent (EA) is an expert when it comes to the tax code and works mostly on tax law. 

  • Certified internal auditors (CIAs) are certified to conduct internal audits of a company.  

10. Start your career. 

When you're ready to apply for a job, you may want to start online. Job boards across the internet have thousands of openings for various types of organizations. This will help you get an idea of what's out there and where you want to work.

You'll also want to find out if anyone within your network—former classmates, professors, co-workers, and so on—can make any recommendations. Once you have a little experience, you may even consider starting your own firm and becoming your own boss. 

Types of accountants

There are several types of accountants. Some of the most common are:

Types of accountantsWhat they do
Public accountant• Works for an accounting firm or has their own practice
• Variety of duties may include taxes, financial planning, auditing, and consulting
Auditor• Hired by organizations to make sure financial records are precise and accurate
• May work internally or externally
Forensic accountant• Reviews records and looks for fraud and other wrongdoing
• May be called into court as an expert witness from time to time
Tax accountant• Expert in tax laws
• Prepares tax returns, makes tax payments, helps individuals and organizations minimize their tax burden
Fiduciary accountant• Deals mostly with trusts and estates
• Usually works with individuals to help them find what's in their best interest rather than organizations
Cost accountant• Analyzes an organization's expenses to see where its money is going
• May offer the organization advice on how to create a more effective budget
Investment accountant• Specializes in stocks, bonds, ETFs, precious metals, and other investments
• Typically hired by brokerage firms and asset management firms
Government accountant• May work for city, county, state, or federal governments
• Ensures taxpayer money is wisely spent and that agencies are meeting financial goals
Staff accountant• General accountant who works in almost every field
• Handles basic accounting needs
Project accountant• Typically works with a project manager on a case-by-case basis to oversee the financial aspects of a particular project
• Examples include launching a new marketing campaign, manufacturing a new project, or constructing a new building
Management accountant• Helps organization leaders make sound financial decisions
• Duties may include budgeting, planning, risk assessment, and financial reporting
Consultant• Has the highest expertise in a particular subject matter
• May be hired by an organization to offer advice or prepare reports and documents

Next steps

Start building job-ready skills for a role in accounting with the Intuit Bookkeeping Professional Certificate. Practice interpreting and analyzing financial statements as you work through the phases of the accounting cycle. Upon completion, you'll have a credential from a top industry leader for your resume.

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professional certificate

Intuit Bookkeeping

Launch your career in bookkeeping. Gain the professional skills you need to succeed in the bookkeeping field. No degree or prior experience required.

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43,182 already enrolled

BEGINNER level

Average time: 4 month(s)

Learn at your own pace

Skills you'll build:

Double-Entry Bookkeeping System, Bookkeeping, Bank Reconciliations, Accounting Concepts and Measurement, Basis Of Accounting, accounting software, Accounting Cycle, Creating Financial Statements, Accounts receivable and cash receipts, Inventory costing methods, PP&E Accounting, Asset Accounting, Depreciation, Accounts Payable and Payroll, Owner’s Equity and Owner’s Draw, Accounting, Long-Term Liabilities and Note Payable, Accounting for Liabilities and Equity, Cash Flow, Bank Reconciliation, Financial reports analysis, financial statement analysis

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Article sources

1. US Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Accountants and Auditors, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/business-and-financial/accountants-and-auditors.htm." Accessed July 14, 2022.

Written by Coursera • Updated on

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