BSc Full Form: Subjects, Scope, and Eligibility

Written by Coursera Staff • Updated on

Discover BSc, eligibility criteria, scope, specialisations, career options, and other important details below.

[Featured Image] A group of students sit in a classroom and study their Bsc syllabus.

Pursuing a three-year scientific or technological course is a popular approach to obtaining a BSc degree in India. As per the findings of the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), a staggering 49.66 lakh students registered for BSc degree programmes in India during the academic year 2021 to 2022, making it one of the most sought-after undergraduate courses in the country [1].

Discover BSc, eligibility criteria, scope, specialisations, career options, and other important details below.

What is BSc's full form?

BSc is the acronym for Bachelor of Science. The programme helps cultivate a research-oriented mindset while improving theoretical and practical knowledge in various science subjects. You can earn a BSc degree in general or honours. The latter holds more weight if you want research-based education qualifications like a Master of Science (MSc) and PhD. Imparting the latest and advanced knowledge and skills, the honours programme typically requires a dissertation, which is not mandatory in BSc general. 

Who opts for BSc?

A BSc  might be the correct route for you if you fall into any of the following categories:

  • If you want to learn more about interdisciplinary science topics

  • If you want a career in science and mathematics

  • If you like to do research projects

Specialisations in BSc

BSc specialisations are offered in numerous domains, whether you want to take the general or honours route. Specialists include but are not limited to:

  • Chemistry

  • Biotechnology

  • Biology

  • Physics

  • Computer science

  • Mathematical and statistical sciences

  • Psychology

  • Earth and atmospheric sciences

  • Dietetics

  • Biochemistry

  • Aviation

  • Multimedia

  • Microbiology

  • Nutrition

  • Zoology

  • Information technology

  • Nautical science

  • Agriculture

Types of BSc programmes

Depending on your convenience, you may attain a BSc degree in one of the three ways:

  • Full-time: A full-time college programme necessitates regular attendance in person. The course of study includes assignments, tests, and mid-semester exams. This approach is ideal if you have just completed your secondary or intermediate education and can fully commit to a three-year undergraduate programme. 

  • Part-time: You can also obtain a BSc degree part-time or by distance. The University Grants Commission  (UGC) recognises this mode of study, specifically designed to support working individuals who cannot commit to full-time studies. Enrolling in college and appearing for the physical examinations is necessary if you choose this path. 

  • Online: Self-paced online learning is an enticing option if you are employed or prefer the convenience of studying from home. However, before proceeding, ensure the college is accredited by the UGC's Distance Education Bureau. 

Eligibility criteria to enroll for BSc

While the admission criteria for top BSc colleges may vary, the following requirements are commonly assessed when reviewing applicants.

  • At least 50 percent in the combined grades from a recognised board in Class 12. Some elite institutions may demand a higher minimum percentage.

  • Upper secondary education with mathematics, biology, physics, and chemistry coursework.

  • A minimum age of 18 years.

Note: The prerequisites must typically be met, or your application may be rejected.

Options after BSc full form

Upon earning a BSc degree, you may pursue a master's degree to further your skill set. You may also explore potential employment opportunities in the public or private sector. Below is an overview of both alternatives.

Higher studies

An MSc, Master of Computer Application (MCA), or Master of Business Administration (MBA) could be an entrance point to higher universities' teaching and research profession. It may also be necessary to join industries under research and development (R&D) or different categories based on subjects of interest. For instance, the professions of food and drug inspector, quality analyst, lab technician, research scientist, junior research fellow, and professor typically require a higher level of education. 

Competitive examinations

Different government examinations require a graduate degree to be eligible to take the exam. Even if it’s not a requirement for all exams, the knowledge you gain from your degree may help you prepare. You can take IAF, UPSC, AIIMS, RBI, SBI PO, and other examinations. 


Depending on your skills, area of specialisation, and interests, you can search for employment possibilities in the following sectors. You have many job options to choose from jobs in the following industries: 

  • Healthcare

  • Agriculture 

  • Oil and gas

  • Chemical 

  • Education

  • Food 

  • Space research 

  • Biotechnology firms

  • Wildlife and fishery departments

  • Testing laboratories

  • Industrial laboratories

  • Research firms

  • Forest services 

Salary expectations after BSc 

BSc graduates can earn approximately ₹40,000 per month in India, according to Glassdoor India as of April 2024 [2]. However, the range varies based on the type of course, skills, and position. Here’s a comparison:

  • Nurse: ₹28,667 per month [3]

  • Lab technician: ₹21,055 per month [4]

  • Electronics engineer: ₹26,875 per month [5]

  • Psychologist: ₹30,371 per month [6]

  • Statistician: ₹35,250 per month [7]

Next steps

A Bachelor of Science programme in India usually spans three to four years. Consider the ease of obtaining your degree online with the BSc in Computer Science from BITS, Pilani, or BSc in General Business from the University of North Texas on Coursera. You can learn independently and participate in live discussions with professors.

Article sources


AISHE. “All India Survey on Higher Education 2021-22,” Accessed July 1, 2024.

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This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.