Professor Egelund is the most cited educationalist in Denmark. He is the head of Centre for Strategic Educational Research, Aarhus University. The centre, with 19 researchers, conduct studies of transition from lower to upper secondary school in Denmark. Professor Egelund is also National Project Manager of the international studies of student achievement PISA run by OECD in almost 100 countries. He is Knight of the First Order of Dannebrog 2012. 

Professor Egelund's main areas of interest are conditions for learning and special needs education.