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Introduction to Psychology as a Science

Learn about how psychology has developed a body of knowledge about behavior and mind through the use of scientific methods. All areas of psychology will be covered.


Course at a Glance


About the Course

Since we were young children, we have tried to understand, to predict, and to control behavior. We first dealt with our parents and teachers, and later our friends and companions. This course shows, however, how the understanding, prediction, and control of behavior require scientific validation. By using tools that are systematic and objective, psychology has learned how people behave and think.

Psychology is a very broad field of study and the course will include discussions of the brain and nervous system, sensation and perception, learning, memory, intelligence and thinking, lifespan development, emotion and motivation, personality, social behavior, behavioral disorders, and psychological treatment of disorders. The course will include short lecture modules, demonstrations and experiments, and writing assignments.

Course Syllabus

This is a twelve-week Introductory Psychology course that is usually taught in the first year of college. There is a Spring Break during the week of March 17-21, 2014. Psychology is a broad discipline as you can see in the outline, and the course will survey the many areas studied by psychologists. Psychologists study the mind and behavior.

This course was funded by a generous grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The QM certification mark recognizes that this course met Quality Matters review standards.

Prerequisite Knowledge

There are no prerequisites for this course.

Online Resources

We will be using material developed by Carnegie Mellon University called the Open Learning Initiative. The OLI material is divided into 56 modules and the course outline indicates which modules will be covered each week. Learning objectives are given at the beginning of each module.

Grading Policy

There will be a multiple choice quiz at the end of each week of lecture (11 quizzes total). The quizzes will be timed and you can only take each quiz only once. Quizzes will be available from 5:00 PM EST on Friday of each week until 5:00 PM on the next Wednesday. The lowest quiz score will be automatically dropped. There will be a final exam at the end of the course. The overall allocation of quizzes and projects to the final grade are as follows::

  • Quiz average: 50% of final grade
  • Final examination: 50% of final grade
A total score of 70% or higher will guarantee a passing grade in the course and a Statement of Accomplishment. Earning a score of 85% or higher will guarantee a passing grade in the course and a Statement of Accomplishment with Distinction.


Please communicate with the instructor and staff via the online forums. Because there are so many students, it is not possible for us to respond individually to every question. There will be a Q&A forum where you can post your questions about the course. Students will have the opportunity to "vote up" questions they want answered, and the questions with the most votes will be answered either in a forum post or a video. Announcements from the instructor about the course will be sent via e-mail to all registered students and also will appear on the announcement page.


Written English language will be the primary means of communication. Please interact with your fellow students and the instructor in the discussion forums. There can be miscommunication as there is no intonation in these written communications. Please be positive, supportive, and constructive in your comments and forum postings.


Participants are expected to:
  • Watch all lecture videos every week
  • Complete all quizzes and the final examination
  • Abide by the standards of academic honesty – plagiarism and any form of cheating will not be tolerated and will result in the removal of the participant from the course
  • Seek help if needed from your fellow students by using the forums


Your answers on quizzes and the exam should be your own.

Course Goals

Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to describe what psychologists study. They will be exposed to basic information about the different areas of psychology listed as different modules in OLI and weekly topics in the outline. They will understand that we can understand behavior only by doing research to uncover the facts.

Specific course goals are:
  1. Students will be able to recognize and describe major psychological principles, theories, and perspectives.
  2. Students will be able to distinguish between different methods used by psychologists to study the different areas of psychology.
  3. Students will be able to describe the nature-nurture controversy across different areas of psychology.
  4. Students will know the basic principles in each area of psychology and how good research is required to understand these principles.
  5. For each area of psychology, students will know how the nervous system and other biological systems are involved in understanding behavior in that area.

Course Outline

Week Topic Modules OLI Modules
Week 1
January 13-17
Psychology as a Science a. Introduction to the course
b. Analysis of pretest
c. Scientific methods
d. Example of experimental method
OLI 1-4
Week 2
January 20-24
Biopsychology a. Neurons
b. Nervous system
c. Biopsychology
d. Methods of biopsychology and neuroscience
OLI 5-8
Week 3
February 3-7
Sensation and Perception a. Introduction to sensation and perception
b. Vision
c. Receptive fields
d. Audition and the other senses
e. Depth perception
OLI 9-12
Week 4
February 10-14
Learning a. Learning and classical conditioning
b. Operant conditioning
c. Other types of learning
OLI 13-15
Week 5
February 17-21
Memory a. Introduction to memory
b. Types of memory
c. Episodic memory
d. Memory errors and amnesia
OLI 16-19
Week 6
February 24-28
Cognition, Language, and Intelligence a. Language
b. Intelligence
OLI 20-24
Week 7
March 3-7
Development a. Cognitive development
b. Social development
c. Aging and memory 1
d. Aging and memory 2
OLI 25-30
Week 8
March 10-14
Motivation and Emotion a. Motivation
b. Hunger
c. Emotion
d. Measuring emotion
OLI 31-33


Week 9
March 24-28
Personality a. What is personality?
b. Psychodynamic approach
c. Measuring personality
OLI 34-36
Week 10
March 31-April 4
Social Environment a. Social cognition
b. Conformity, compliance, and obedience
c. Attitudes
OLI 37-39
Week 11
April 7-11
Psychological Disorders a. Psychological disorders
b. Depression and mood disorders
c. Schizophrenia
OLI 46-52
Week 12
April 14-18
Treatment a. Medical treatment
b. Psychotherapy
c. Cognitive therapy
d. Alzheimer's disease and wrap-up
OLI 53-56

Recommended Background

This course is designed for college freshmen, so a high school diploma is expected.

Course Format

The class will consist of online lecture videos, which are between 8 and 15 minutes in length. These videos will be supplemented by readings from the Open Learning Initiative (OLI) - an online textbook developed at Carnegie Mellon University. There will be one quiz per week and a final exam at the end of the course.


Will I get a Statement of Accomplishment after completing this class?
Yes. Students who successfully complete the class will receive a Statement of Accomplishment signed by the instructor.
Will I be able to join the Signature Track for this course?
Yes. For more information about what the Signature Track is and how to join it, please visit