Inferential statistics are concerned with making inferences based on relations found in the sample, to relations in the population. Inferential statistics help us decide, for example, whether the differences between groups that we see in our data are strong enough to provide support for our hypothesis that group differences exist in general, in the entire population.

This course is part of the Methods and Statistics in Social Sciences Specialization

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## About this Course

### Learner Career Outcomes

## 62%

## 44%

#### Shareable Certificate

#### 100% online

#### Course 4 of 5 in the

#### Flexible deadlines

#### Approx. 24 hours to complete

#### English

### Skills you will gain

### Learner Career Outcomes

## 62%

## 44%

#### Shareable Certificate

#### 100% online

#### Course 4 of 5 in the

#### Flexible deadlines

#### Approx. 24 hours to complete

#### English

### Offered by

#### University of Amsterdam

A modern university with a rich history, the University of Amsterdam

## Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

**2 hours to complete**

## Before we get started...

[formatted text here]

**2 hours to complete**

**1 video**

**10 readings**

**5 hours to complete**

## Comparing two groups

In this second module of week 1 we dive right in with a quick refresher on statistical hypothesis testing. Since we're assuming you just completed the course Basic Statistics, our treatment is a little more abstract and we go really fast! We provide the relevant Basic Statistics videos in case you need a gentler introduction. After the refresher we discuss methods to compare two groups on a categorical or quantitative dependent variable. We use different test for independent and dependent groups.

**5 hours to complete**

**9 videos**

**5 readings**

**1 practice exercise**

**3 hours to complete**

## Categorical association

In this module we tackle categorical association. We'll mainly discuss the Chi-squared test that allows us to decide whether two categorical variables are related in the population. If two categorical variables are unrelated you would expect that categories of these variables don't 'go together'. You would expect the number of cases in each category of one variable to be proportionally similar at each level of the other variable. The Chi-squared test helps us to compare the actual number of cases for each combination of categories (the joint frequencies) to the expected number of cases if the variables are unrelated.

**3 hours to complete**

**6 videos**

**4 readings**

**1 practice exercise**

**3 hours to complete**

## Simple regression

In this module we’ll see how to describe the association between two quantitative variables using simple (linear) regression analysis. Regression analysis allows us to model the relation between two quantitative variables and - based on our sample -decide whether a 'real' relation exists in the population. Regression analysis is more useful than just calculating a correlation coefficient, since it allows us assess how well our regression line fits the data, it helps us to identify outliers and to predict scores on the dependent variable for new cases.

**3 hours to complete**

**9 videos**

**4 readings**

**1 practice exercise**

**3 hours to complete**

## Multiple regression

In this module we’ll see how we can use more than one predictor to describe or predict a quantitative outcome variable. In the social sciences relations between psychological and social variables are generally not very strong, since outcomes are generally influences by complex processes involving many variables. So it really helps to be able to describe an outcome variable with several predictors, not just to increase the fit of the model, but also to assess the individual contribution of each predictor, while controlling for the others.

**3 hours to complete**

**8 videos**

**4 readings**

**1 practice exercise**

## About the Methods and Statistics in Social Sciences Specialization

## Frequently Asked Questions

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